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Residential Location, Travel, and Energy Use in the Hangzhou Metropolitan Area


  • Naess, Petter

    () (Aalborg University)


This paper presents the results of a study examining the influence of residential location on travel behavior in the Hangzhou Metropolitan Area, China. The location of the dwelling relative to the center hierarchy of the metropolitan area is found to exert a considerable influence on the travel behavior of the respondents. On average, living close to the center of Hangzhou contributes to less overall travel, a higher proportion of trips by bicycle and on foot, and lower consumption of energy for transport. The location of the dwelling relative to the closest second-order and third-order center also influences travel, but not to the same extent as proximity to the city center. These geographical differences in travel behavior are independent of residential preferences and of attitudes toward transport and environmental issues, and therefore cannot be explained by residential self-selection.

Suggested Citation

  • Naess, Petter, 2010. "Residential Location, Travel, and Energy Use in the Hangzhou Metropolitan Area," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 3(3), pages 27-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0050

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Petter NÆss & Ole Jensen, 2004. "Urban structure matters, even in a small town," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(1), pages 35-57.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yang Jiang & Pericles Zegras & Dongquan He & Qizhi Mao, 2015. "Does energy follow form? The case of household travel in Jinan, China," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 20(5), pages 701-718, June.
    2. Levinson, David M., 2013. "Introduction: The Journal of Transport and Land Use enters year six," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 6(1), pages 1-5.

    More about this item


    travel behavior; urbanization;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General


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