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Urban form and travel behavior: experience from a Nordic context


  • Næss, Petter

    () (Aalborg University)


This article surveys the results of research carried out in the Nordic countries on the influence of various aspects of urban form and settlement patterns on travel behavior and discusses these results in the view of studies carried out in other European, American, Australian, and Asian countries. There is overwhelming evidence that urban spatial structures matter to travel behavior. However, whereas much of the research in America and parts of Europe has focused on the influences of local neighborhood characteristics on travel, the Nordic research shows effects on travel behavior mainly from urban form characteristics at a higher geographical scale: the overall population density within continuous urban areas and the locations of residences and workplaces relative to the city-level or metropolitan center structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Næss, Petter, 2012. "Urban form and travel behavior: experience from a Nordic context," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 5(2), pages 21-45.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0080

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    urban form; travel behavior; population density; residences; workplaces;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General


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