Intérêt public, intérêt privé et discrimination
We consider a service whose quality is variable and from which every consumer consumes either one unit or nothing. Production costs, both fixed and variable, do not depend on quality: a higher quality service is no more costly to produce than a lower quality one. On the consumption side however, higher quality is preferred: a consumer's willingness-to-pay for one unit of the service is an increasing and linear function of the service quality. Nous considérons un service à qualité variable dont chaque usager consomme au plus une unité. Les coûts de production, fixe et variable, ne dépendent pas de la qualité : améliorer, dans certaines limites, la qualité, n’augmente pas les coûts de production. Chaque usager cependant apprécie d’autant plus le service que celui-ci est de meilleure qualité : la propension à payer de l’usager est une fonction linéaire croissante de la qualité du service.
Volume (Year): 63 (1987)
Issue (Month): 2 (juin et septembre)
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- Bernard Caillaud & Patrick Rey & Roger Guesnerie & Jean Tirole, 1987. "Government Intervention in Production and Incentives Theory: A Review of Recent Contributions," Working papers 472, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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