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Turning points in migrants’ labour market integration in Europe and benefit spillovers for Romania and Serbia: the role of socio-psychological credentials

Author

Listed:
  • Gra?iela Georgiana Noja

    () (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, East European Center for Research in Economics and Business, 16 Pestalozzi Street, 300115 Timisoara, Romania.)

  • Nebojša Petroviæ

    () (University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy, Èika-Ljubina 18-20, 11000 Beograd, Serbia)

  • Mirela Cristea

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Center for Banking and Financial Research, 13 A I Cuza Street, 200585 Craiova, Romania)

Abstract

In this article we develop a two-fold analysis which captures the economic and socio-psychological coordinates in migrants’ labour market integration into ten EU countries (EU-10), mostly targeted by immigrants (namely: Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, United Kingdom, Germany, Austria, Sweden, Italy and Spain). The focus is on revealing the importance of socio-psychological credentials for an active labour market participation of immigrants, aiming to extrapolate factors (timespan 2000-2019), which can foster or complicate similar process in the future. Beside total immigration flows, we particularly entail the benefit spillovers for Serbia and Romania in their migration challenges towards EU-10. A set of methods and macro-econometric models, based on spatial analysis, crosssectional analysis and structural equations modelling, was applied on the balanced panel formed by EU-10. The results highlight that an increased participation in society, community and improved living standards satisfaction (subjective wellbeing) positively reverberate on migrant integration into host economies since it tends to upsize the employment rate of the foreign population. The opposite, a negative impact is induced by social exclusion and reduced job security, while material deprivation also significantly diminishes the employment opportunities of foreign population and their active labour market integration.

Suggested Citation

  • Gra?iela Georgiana Noja & Nebojša Petroviæ & Mirela Cristea, 2018. "Turning points in migrants’ labour market integration in Europe and benefit spillovers for Romania and Serbia: the role of socio-psychological credentials," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics, vol. 36(2), pages 489-518.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfe:zbefri:v:36:y:2018:i:2:p:489-518
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sarit Cohen Goldner & Gil Epstein, 2014. "Age at immigration and high school dropouts," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-20, December.
    2. Van Praag, Bernard, 1971. "The welfare function of income in Belgium: An empirical investigation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 337-369.
    3. Otrachshenko, Vladimir & Popova, Olga, 2014. "Life (dis)satisfaction and the intention to migrate: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 40-49.
    4. repec:spr:jhappi:v:19:y:2018:i:6:d:10.1007_s10902-017-9896-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Peter Huber, 2015. "What Institutions help immigrants Integrate?," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 77, WWWforEurope.
    6. Knies, Gundi & Nandi, Alita & Platt, Lucinda, 2014. "Life satisfaction, ethnicity and neighbourhoods: is there an effect of neighbourhood ethnic composition on life satisfaction?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 55669, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. repec:wfo:wstudy:57884 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    immigrants; labour market integration; unemployment; European strategies; macro-econometric modelling;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F63 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Economic Development
    • H19 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Other
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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