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Fiscal Policy and Optimal Monetary Rules in a non Ricardian Economy

  • Jean-Pascal Benassy

    (CEPREMAP)

We study in this article how the conduct of fiscal policy interacts with the choice of oprimal monetary rules by a central bank. We consider a non Ricardian model with nondistortionary fiscal policyt, and compare two policy packages, one where fiscal and monetary policy are simultaneously optimized, and one where the monetary policy is optimized under a given fiscal policy. We find a number of results that would not appear in the traditional Ricardian framework: (a) the optimal monetary rule may be activist when fiscal policy is kept constant, whereas it is not when combined with optimal fiscal policy; (b) combining optimally fiscal and monetary policies may lead to far superior outcomes, even when, following Sargent and Wallace (1975), government is allowed to react to much less information. (Copyright: Elsevier)

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1094-2025(03)00017-6
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Article provided by Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics in its journal Review of Economic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 6 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 498-512

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Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:6:y:2003:i:3:p:498-512
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  1. Bernardino Adao & Isabel Correia & Pedro Teles, 2003. "Gaps and Triangles," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(4), pages 699-713, October.
  2. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1975. ""Rational" Expectations, the Optimal Monetary Instrument, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(2), pages 241-54, April.
  3. Woodford, Michael, 2000. "Optimal Monetary Policy Inertia," Seminar Papers 666, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  4. Taylor, John B., 1998. "The Robustness and Efficiency of Monetary Policy Rules as Guidelines for Interest Rate Setting by the European Central Bank," Seminar Papers 649, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
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  9. Robert E. Lucas Jr. & Nancy L. Stokey, 1982. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in an Economy Without Capital," Discussion Papers 532, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  10. Erceg, Christopher J. & Henderson, Dale W. & Levin, Andrew T., 2000. "Optimal monetary policy with staggered wage and price contracts," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 281-313, October.
  11. V.V. Chari & Lawrence J. Christiano & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1991. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy: some recent results," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, pages 519-546.
  12. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  13. McCallum, Bennett T., 1999. "Issues in the design of monetary policy rules," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 23, pages 1483-1530 Elsevier.
  14. John B. Taylor, 1999. "Monetary Policy Rules," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number tayl99-1.
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