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Employment, satisfaction and the brain drain for south Italy’s graduates


  • Daria Ciriaci


This article aims to describe the brain drain from Southern Italy (the so-called Mezzogiorno) to Northern Italy and to analyze its causes and consequences. To this end, we have processed the individual data of the ISTAT survey on the professional placement of the graduates of 2001 three years later. The empirical evidence suggests that the graduate labour force of the Southern regions goes where the demand is, and finds jobs that fall short of the qualifications obtained. While labour mobility increases job opportunities, it does not guarantee greater “satisfaction” in terms of economic conditions and career possibilities to southern graduates, and seems more the result of necessity than a free choice.

Suggested Citation

  • Daria Ciriaci, 2006. "Employment, satisfaction and the brain drain for south Italy’s graduates," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 4, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:rar:journl:0043

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Miyagiwa, Kaz, 1991. "Scale Economies in Education and the Brain Drain Problem," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(3), pages 743-759, August.
    2. Mountford, Andrew, 1997. "Can a brain drain be good for growth in the source economy?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 287-303, August.
    3. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 275-289, February.
    4. Ciriaci D., 2005. "La fuga del capitale umano qualificato dal Mezzogiorno: un catching-up sempre più difficile," Rivista economica del Mezzogiorno, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 2-3, pages 369-404.
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    More about this item


    Brain-Drain; Labour Mobility; Demand for Labour;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers


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