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The equilibrium approach to optimum currency areas

Author

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  • Filippo Cesarano

    () (Banca d'Italia, Ufficio Ricerche Storiche, Roma (ItaIY))

Abstract

This paper contrasts the received view of optimum currency areas with the modernequilibrium approach. Setting Mundell's work against earlier analyses of monetary unions exposes the peculiarities of his theory, embedded in the static Keynesian paradigm. Mundell's hypothesis, constructed on the assumption of interregional factor immobility with regions spanning the country borders, leads to exogenous optimality criteria, which characterized the research program of the following decades (section 1). From the late 1990s, however, several papers emphasized the endogeneity ofoptimum currency area criteria on the basis of the new classical macroeconomics, overturning the traditional approach. Highlighting the implications of the Lucas critique, these contributions point at an alternative view of optimality, bringing the subject again into the realm of equilibrium theory (section 2).

Suggested Citation

  • Filippo Cesarano, 2006. "The equilibrium approach to optimum currency areas," BNL Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 59(237), pages 193-209.
  • Handle: RePEc:psl:bnlaqr:2006:23
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    File URL: http://ojs.uniroma1.it/index.php/PSLQuarterlyReview/article/view/9867/9749
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Frankel, Jeffrey A & Rose, Andrew K, 1998. "The Endogeneity of the Optimum Currency Area Criteria," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 1009-1025, July.
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    3. repec:cto:journl:v:24:y:2004:i:1-2:p:163-170 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Alberto Alesina & Robert J. Barro, 2002. "Currency Unions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 409-436.
    5. Cesarano, Filippo, 1985. "On the viability of monetary unions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3-4), pages 367-374, November.
    6. Mongelli, Francesco Paolo & De Grauwe, Paul, 2005. "Endogeneities of optimum currency areas: what brings countries sharing a single currency closer together?," Working Paper Series 468, European Central Bank.
    7. Krugman, P., 1993. "What Do We Need to Know About the International Monetary System?," Princeton Studies in International Economics 190, International Economics Section, Departement of Economics Princeton University,.
    8. Jeffrey Frankel & Andrew Rose, 2002. "An Estimate of the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade and Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 437-466.
    9. Filippo Cesarano, 1997. "Currency Areas and Equilibrium," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 51-59, January.
    10. Fatas, Antonio, 1997. "EMU: Countries or regions? Lessons from the EMS experience," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 743-751, April.
    11. R. A. Mundell, 2000. "Erratum: A Reconsideration of the Twentieth Century," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1535-1535, December.
    12. Gil-Pareja, Salvador, 2003. "Pricing to market behaviour in European car markets," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(6), pages 945-962, December.
    13. Robert Barro & Silvana Tenreyro, 2007. "Economic Effects Of Currency Unions," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 45(1), pages 1-23, January.
    14. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-623, June.
    15. Filippo Cesarano, 2006. "The Origins of the Theory of Optimum Currency Areas," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 38(4), pages 711-731, Winter.
    16. Robert A. Mundell, 2000. "A Reconsideration of the Twentieth Century," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 327-340, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Filippo Cesarano, 2006. "Optimum currency areas: a policy view," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 59(239), pages 317-332.
    2. Filippo Cesarano, 2006. "Optimum currency areas: a policy view," BNL Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 59(239), pages 317-332.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Currency;

    JEL classification:

    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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