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Choix social : une difficulté et de multiples possibilités


  • Marc Fleurbaey


[fre] L'article de 1950 publié par Arrow sous le titre « A Difficulty in the Concept of Social Welfare », ainsi que la monographie qui a été publiée l'année suivante, ont fondé la théorie du choix social. Cette théorie a longtemps été marquée par le caractère négatif de la plupart de ses résultats, confirmant la solidité du théorème d'Arrow. Mais elle est aujourd'hui riche de perspectives de développements positifs, grâce aux propositions de mesure plus objective du bien-être individuel, d'une part, et aux résultats de la théorie des allocations équitables, d'autre part. [eng] Social choice: a difficulty and many possibilities. . Arrow's 1950 article "A Difficulty in the concept of social welfare", and his book published the year after, have founded the theory of social choice. This theory has long been characterized by mostly negative results, which confirmed the robustness of Arrow's theorem. But nowadays new prospects for positive developments are surging, which are related to proposals for more objective measurement of individual well-being, on the one hand, and to results from the theory of fair allocation, on the other hand.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Fleurbaey, 2000. "Choix social : une difficulté et de multiples possibilités," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(5), pages 1215-1232.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_5_410581
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2000.410581

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nash, John, 1950. "The Bargaining Problem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 18(2), pages 155-162, April.
    2. Fleurbaey, Marc & Suzumura, Kotaro & Tadenuma, Koichi, 2000. "Informational Requirements for Social Choice in Economic Environments," Discussion Papers 2000-07, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    3. Vincent Merlin & Dominique Lepelley, 1999. "Analyses géométriques et probabilistes des règles de vote, avec une application au scrutin majoritaire à deux tours," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(4), pages 699-714.
    4. Wilson, Robert, 1972. "Social choice theory without the Pareto Principle," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 478-486, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marc Fleurbaey, 2002. "Retraites, générations et catégories sociales : de l'équité comme contrainte à l'équité comme objectif," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 68(4), pages 91-111.
    2. Pham, Hai-Vu, 2010. "La dimension conflictuelle des projets d’infrastructure : essais sur la décision publique, le contentieux et les prix immobiliers," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/5656 edited by Torre, André & Kirat, Thierry.

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