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Le déclin de la demande de travail non qualifié. Une méthode d'analyse empirique et son application au cas de la France

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  • Éric Maurin
  • Dominique Goux

Abstract

[fre] Le déclin de la demande de travail non qualifié. Une méthode d'analyse empirique et son application au cas de la France. . Le déclin de la part des salariés faiblement diplômés dans l'emploi s'explique en premier lieu par le manque de dynamisme de la demande s'adressant aux secteurs où ils sont proportionnellement nombreux. La diffusion des nouvelles technologies et le développement du commerce international ne semblent en revanche pas véritablement défavorables à la main-d'œuvre la moins formée. Nous testons et rejetons l'hypothèse d'un biais technologique. [eng] The decline in demand for unskilled labor. An empirical analysis method and its application to france. . The decline in the percentage of unskilled workers in total French employment is chiefly due to the slackness of domestic demand for those industries with the highest proportion of such workers. The new technologies do not seem to have been particularly conducive to substitutions of skilled labor for unskilled labor in individual industries and occupations. We test and reject the biased technical changes hypothesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Éric Maurin & Dominique Goux, 1997. "Le déclin de la demande de travail non qualifié. Une méthode d'analyse empirique et son application au cas de la France," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(5), pages 1091-1114.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_5_409932
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409932
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Machin, Steve & Van Reenen, John, 1996. "Technology and Changes in Skill Structure: Evidence from an International Panel of Industries," CEPR Discussion Papers 1434, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. George J. Borjas & Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1992. "On the Labor Market Effects of Immigration and Trade," NBER Chapters,in: Immigration and the Workforce: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas, pages 213-244 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Lisa M. Lynch, 1994. "Training and the Private Sector: International Comparisons," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number lync94-1, June.
    4. Jacob Mincer, 1991. "Human Capital, Technology, and the Wage Structure: What Do Time Series Show?," NBER Working Papers 3581, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jacques Mairesse & Nathalie Greenan & Agnes Topiol-Bensaid, 2001. "Information Technology and Research and Development Impacts on Productivity and Skills: Looking for Correlations on French Firm Level Data," NBER Working Papers 8075, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Petit, Sylvain, 2016. "International trade in services and inequalities: Empirical evaluation and role of tourism services," MPRA Paper 75206, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Jean-Marie Cardebat & Jérôme Teiletche, 1997. "Salaires relatifs, commerce Nord-Sud et progrès technique : un modèle stylisé d'équilibre général," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(5), pages 1337-1359.
    4. Sami SAAFI & Fouzi SBOUI, 2011. "LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS, DIFFUSION TECHNOLOGIQUE ET DEMANDE DE LA MAIN-D’OEUVRE PAR QUALIFICATION DES INDUSTRIES T," Working Papers 240, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.

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