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Les politiques salariales : individus et entreprises

Author

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  • John M. Abowd
  • Francis Kramarz
  • Claude Jessua

Abstract

[fre] Nous étudions un gros échantillon de Français et d'entreprises, tous deux représentatifs du secteur privé de l'économie française. La différence entre salaire interne et externe dépend de la politique salariale de l'entreprise employant le salarié ainsi que de l'espérance de la politique salariale des autres entreprises. Nous apparions une mesure de cette différence, agrégée au niveau de l'entre­prise, avec notre échantillon d'entreprises. Les résultats sont les suivants : (1) 2/3 de la part des politiques salariales liées à la taille de l'entreprise s'expliquent par la tendance des firmes payant le plus à embaucher des salariés qui ont des salaires externes plus élevés ; (2) 1/2 des différences sectorielles disparaît ; (3) même une mesure biaisée ne prenant en compte que les différences de salaires externes peut expliquer la plupart des différences observées. [eng] We study a merged representative sample of French firms and workers. The difference between the workers' internal and external wage rates depends upon the compensation policy of the firm and the expectation of the compensation policies of all other firms. We estimate this difference at the level of the firm and model its determinants. The results are as follows : (1) 2/3 of the firm size effect in wage differences is explained by the tendency of high paying firms to employ workers with high external wage rates ; (2) 1/2 of the sectoral wage differences disappear ; (3) even a biased measure of the internal/external wage difference, ignoring measurable individual characteristics, can explain a large part of the observed wage differentials.

Suggested Citation

  • John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & Claude Jessua, 1996. "Les politiques salariales : individus et entreprises," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(3), pages 611-622.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1996_num_47_3_409798
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1996.409798
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
    2. Brown, Charles & Medoff, James, 1989. "The Employer Size-Wage Effect," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(5), pages 1027-1059, October.
    3. Krueger, Alan B & Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Efficiency Wages and the Inter-industry Wage Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(2), pages 259-293, March.
    4. Cain, Glen G, 1976. "The Challenge of Segmented Labor Market Theories to Orthodox Theory: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 14(4), pages 1215-1257, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nathalie Greenan & Jacques Mairesse, 2006. "Un équipement de recherche pour observer et analyser les réorganisations d'entreprises," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(6), pages 1121-1135.
    2. Mahmood Araï & Gérard Ballot & Ali Skalli, 1996. "Différentiels intersectoriels de salaire et caractéristiques des employeurs en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 299(1), pages 37-58.
    3. repec:eee:labchp:v:3:y:1999:i:pb:p:2629-2710 is not listed on IDEAS

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