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Économie, croissance et environnement. De nouvelles stratégies pour de nouvelles relations

  • Olivier Godard
  • Olivier Beaumais

[fre] Economie, croissance et environnement. De nouvelles stratégies pour de nouvelles relations L'exigence de durabilité du développement impose à la fois une imbrication plus étroite entre politiques d'environnement et processus économique et un souci plus affirmé pour la recherche de l'efficacité économique des politiques, ce que permettrait l'extension du recours aux incitations économiques au sein d'une stra­tégie composite exploitant les synergies entre instruments. Les incertitudes et controverses scientifiques caractérisant le front actif du champ de l'environnement appellent la formulation de critères stratégiques de second rang et la recherche de stratégies de « moindre regret » répondant à d'autre objectifs de la collectivité. Tel serait l'enjeu d'une réforme de la fiscalité incorporant des « écotaxes », comme le montre l'analyse du projet européen de création d'une taxe mixte CO2 /énergie. [eng] Economy, growth, environment : new strategies for new relationships To become sustainable, development trajectories need altogether a tighter integration of environmental policies and economic processes, and a greater attention to be given to the cost-effectiveness of policies. This could resuit from an extension of the use of econo- mie incentives within a mixed strategy trying to exploit potential synergies between various types of instruments. Scientific uncertainties and controversies coming from the active frontier of environmental problems should lead to the definition of second best strategie criteria and the search for "minimum regret" strategies also aiming at satisfying other social objectives. This is what is at stake with a fiscal reform incorporating "eco-taxes", as it is shown from an assessment of the European project of a new mixed carbon/ energy tax".

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 44 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 143-176

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1993_hos_44_1_409430
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1993.409430
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