Spécialisation et protection en présence de biens intermédiaires échangés
[fre] Spécialisation et protection en présence de biens intermédiaires échangés Les productions nationales incorporent une proportion croissante de biens intermédiaires importés. Ce résultat est vérifié indépendamment des chocs pétroliers pour la CEE. Il est donc nécessaire de prendre en compte les contenus en consommations intermédiaires importées lors de la mesure des spécialisations nationales : on parlera alors de spécialisation effective. La relation de cette dernière à la protection effective est instable à long terme, ce qui permet de tirer des conclusions normatives en matière de politiques tarifaires. [eng] Specialization and protection with traded intermediate inputs Domestic output integrates a rising part of imported intermediate inputs. This resuit is supported by EEC datas independantly of oil shocks. This phenomenon implies a reappraisal of the specialization indicators in the view of effective specialization. The long-term instability of the relation between effective protection and effective specialization leads to normative conclusions conceming tariff policies.
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- Bhagwati, Jagdish N. & Srinivasan, T. N., 1973.
"The general equilibrium theory of effective protection and resource allocation,"
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- Avinash K. Dixit & Gene M. Grossman, 1982. "Trade and Protection with Multistage Production," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(4), pages 583-594.
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- Jaroslav Vanek, 1963. "Variable Factor Proportions and Interindustry Flows in the Theory of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 77(1), pages 129-142.
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- Melvin, James R., 1985. "Domestic taste differences, transportation costs and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1-2), pages 65-82, February.
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- Jones, Ronald W., 1971. "Effective protection and substitution," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 59-81, February. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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