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Crédit agricole et efficacité de la production agricole en Côte d'Ivoire

  • Kouakou Kra Djato
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    [fre] Malgré l'actuel débat vif en Côte d'Ivoire, concernant la nécessité de créer une banque pour le financement des activités agricoles, aucune étude scientifique sérieuse n'est menée pour éclairer les décideurs. Cet article vient quelque peu combler cette lacune et montre que les paysans producteurs de riz paddy ayant accès au crédit et ceux n'ayant pas accès au crédit n'ont pas la même efficacité économique. Cette différence d'efficacité économique est due à une différence d'efficacité technique, tous les paysans ayant la même efficacité d'allocation des ressources. En conséquence, l'étude révèle que le crédit est un stimulant important contribuant au développement du secteur agricole. Après avoir fait l'historique des institutions financières et présenté celles qui existent actuellement, le changement d'approche dans la gestion de ces structures et la création d'une nouvelle banque agricole est recommandé. [eng] Credit and efficiency in agriculture in Côte d'Ivoire - Although there is an intense debate in Côte d'Ivoire about the opportunity of creating a bank to finance the agricultural sector, no scientific research has tackled the issue thoroughly to serve as a basis of policy choice. This paper attempts, to some extent, to circumvent this insufficiency. It shows that access to credit can increase peasants economic efficiency in rice production. Since peasants all have the same allocative efficiency the difference in economic efficiency is attributable to the credit-induced difference in technical efficiency. Thus, access to credit is an important stimulus to agricultural growth. After an historical review of financial institutions and their relation to agriculture in Côte d'Ivoire we recommend a change in the management of these institutions and the creation of a new agricultural bank.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5245
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_263_1_5245
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 263 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 92-104

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_263_1_5245
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5245
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/ecoru

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    1. Adesina, Akinwumi A. & Djato, Kouakou K., 1997. "Relative efficiency of women as farm managers: Profit function analysis in Cote d'Ivoire," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 47-53, March.
    2. Adesina, Akinwumi A. & Djato, Kouakou K., 1997. "Relative efficiency of women as farm managers: Profit function analysis in Cote d'Ivoire," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 16(1), March.
    3. Adams, Dale W. & Graham, Douglas H., 1981. "A critique of traditional agricultural credit projects and policies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 347-366, June.
    4. Timothy G. Taylor & H. Evan Drummond & Aloisio T. Gomes, 1986. "Agricultural Credit Programs and Production Efficiency: An Analysis of Traditional Farming in Southeastern Minas Gerais, Brazil," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 68(1), pages 110-119.
    5. Michel Botzung, 1996. "Dispositifs d'appui et financement de la petite entreprise," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 37(145), pages 135-151.
    6. Lau, Lawrence J & Yotopoulos, Pan A, 1971. "A Test for Relative Efficiency and Application to Indian Agriculture," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 94-109, March.
    7. P. Duraisamy, 1990. "Technical and Allocative Efficiency of Education in Agricultural Production: A Profit Function Approach," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 25(1), pages 17-32, January.
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