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Les pays émergents et l’aide au développement


  • Jean-Raphaël Chaponnière
  • Emmanuel Comole
  • Pierre Jacquet


[fre] Cet article s’intéresse aux politiques d’aide au développement menées par les principaux pays émergents (Chine, Inde, Brésil, etc.) et s’attache à étudier leurs conséquences sur l’architecture de l’aide, en particulier pour les donneurs du comité d’aide au développement de l’OCDE. Les politiques et les pratiques des pays émergents en direction de pays tiers sont présentées et analysées, notamment au travers des dispositifs, des montants et des particularités de chacun, la Chine en premier lieu. Cette étude des faits stylisés de l’aide des pays émergents, qui montre que ces derniers sont surtout guidés par des considérations politiques et s’intéressent principalement à leurs voisins, permet alors d’en interroger les incidences sur les donneurs des pays du Nord, en particulier dans la remise en cause des principes établis dans le cadre de l’OCDE. Sur la scène internationale, l’aide au développement peut en effet être un élément de concurrence entre les différents donneurs ; a contrario, on a parfois l’impression que les donneurs se partagent le travail, chacun ayant ses tropismes et ses particularités techniques et politiques. Il est toutefois patent que le paysage de l’aide au développement est en train d’évoluer considérablement. . Classification JEL : F35, O1, F1. [eng] Emerging countries and foreign aid policy . This article deals with how emerging countries (China, Brazil, India, etc.) have put in place foreign aid policies and how they could affect the aid architecture, especially for donors belonging to the development assistance committee of the OECD. The policies and practices of those actors are described and analyzed, in particular through institutional organizations, amounts and specificities of each emerging actor, first and foremost China. Those stylized facts show that emerging countries use development aid as a political tool, especially with its neighbours. This, in turn, leads to questioning the present and upcoming impact on rich countries’ strategies, most notably OECD principles. Aid is indeed a means of competition between countries of different interests, but it can also reflect complementary strategies and policies. However, it is clear that the landscape of development aid is experiencing dramatic changes. . Classification JEL : F35, O1, F1.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Raphaël Chaponnière & Emmanuel Comole & Pierre Jacquet, 2009. "Les pays émergents et l’aide au développement," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 95(2), pages 173-188.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2009_num_95_2_5351
    DOI: 10.3406/ecofi.2009.5351
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2009.5351

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rodrik, Dani, 2002. "Feasible Globalizations," CEPR Discussion Papers 3524, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Nagesh Kumar, 2008. "South-South and Triangular Cooperation in Asia-Pacific : Towards a New Paradigm in Development Cooperation," Development Economics Working Papers 22112, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    3. Gu, Jing & Humphrey, John & Messner, Dirk, 2008. "Global Governance and Developing Countries: The Implications of the Rise of China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 274-292, February.
    4. Jenkins, Rhys & Edwards, Chris, 2006. "The economic impacts of China and India on sub-Saharan Africa: Trends and prospects," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 207-225, April.
    5. Jian-Ye Wang, 2007. "What Drives China’s Growing Role in Africa?," IMF Working Papers 07/211, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Barry Naughton, 2007. "The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262640643, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade


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