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Externalités de léducation et mobilité intergénérationnelle : application au cas français

Listed author(s):
  • Stéphanie Moullet
  • Alice Fabre

[fre] L ’ étude porte sur la mobilité intergénérationnelle en France sur la période 1945-1993 et met l ’ accent sur le rôle de la dotation en capital humain de l ’ économie . A l ’ aide d ’ un modèle à générations imbriquées avec agents hétérogènes , nous montrons que la présence d ’ effets d ’ entraînement , liés au capital humain moyen de l ’ économie , permet de réduire l ’ inégalité en capital humain , même dans le cas d ’ une croissance endogène à taux constant . Le modèle théorique apporte des éléments d ’ explication de l ’ élévation du niveau de scolarisation observée en France au cours des dernières décennies . Des estimations réalisées à partir de données issues de l ’ enquête Formation et Qualification Professionnelle 1993 de l ’ INSEE montrent ainsi que le capital humain moyen de l ’ économie joue un rôle significatif sur l ’ accumulation du capital humain et contribue à la mobilité intergénérationnelle , en dépit d ’ un coefficient de transmission du capital humain élevé entre générations . [eng] This study deals with intergenerational mobility in France over the period 1945-1993 , highlighting the role of the economy ’ s human capital endowment . Using an overlapping-generations interwoven-generations model with heterogeneous agents , we show that the presence of diffusion effects , linked to the economy ’ s average human capital , makes it possible to reduce inequality in human capital , even in the case of endogenous constant-rate growth . The theoretical model provides certain elements helping to explain the increase in the level of school enrolment seen in France in recent decades . Estimates on the basis of data provided by INSEE ’ s “ Formation et Qualification Professionnelle ” (Training and Professional Skills ) survey for 1993 show that the economy ’ s average human capital plays a significant role in the accumulation of human capital and contributes to intergenerational mobility , despite a high coefficient for the transmission of human capital between generations .

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 166 (2004)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 19-37

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2004_num_166_5_7379
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2004.7379
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  1. Dominique Goux & Éric Maurin, 1997. "Destinées sociales : le rôle de l'école et du milieu d'origine," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 306(1), pages 13-26.
  2. George J. Borjas, 1992. "Ethnic Capital and Intergenerational Mobility," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(1), pages 123-150.
  3. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1, June.
  4. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1976. "Child Endowments and the Quantity and Quality of Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages 143-162, August.
  5. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  6. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong-Wha, 1993. "International comparisons of educational attainment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 363-394, December.
  7. Tamura, Robert, 1991. "Income Convergence in an Endogenous Growth Model," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 522-540, June.
  8. Stéfan Lollivier, 2001. "Les choix d'activité des femmes en couple : une approche longitudinale," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 125-140.
  9. Hanchane, S. & Moullet, S., 1997. "Mesure et analyse des rendements educatifs: Le cas francais," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 97b07, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  10. Alice Fabre, 2001. "Éducation, croissance et convergence : analyse au sein d'un modèle à générations imbriquées," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 111(5), pages 765-783.
  11. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-1189, December.
  12. Michael Kremer, 1997. "How Much does Sorting Increase Inequality?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(1), pages 115-139.
  13. Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 1995. "The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1829-1878, December.
  14. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-834, August.
  15. Chamberlain, Gary, 1984. "Panel data," Handbook of Econometrics,in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 22, pages 1247-1318 Elsevier.
  16. Éric Maurin & Christine Chambaz & Jean-Michel Hourriez & Claude Jessua, 1996. "Revenu et niveau de vie d'une génération à l'autre," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(3), pages 677-686.
  17. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-1177, September.
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