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Externalités de l’éducation et mobilité intergénérationnelle : application au cas français

  • Alice Fabre
  • Stéphanie Moullet

[fre] L ’ étude porte sur la mobilité intergénérationnelle en France sur la période 1945-1993 et met l ’ accent sur le rôle de la dotation en capital humain de l ’ économie . A l ’ aide d ’ un modèle à générations imbriquées avec agents hétérogènes , nous montrons que la présence d ’ effets d ’ entraînement , liés au capital humain moyen de l ’ économie , permet de réduire l ’ inégalité en capital humain , même dans le cas d ’ une croissance endogène à taux constant . Le modèle théorique apporte des éléments d ’ explication de l ’ élévation du niveau de scolarisation observée en France au cours des dernières décennies . Des estimations réalisées à partir de données issues de l ’ enquête Formation et Qualification Professionnelle 1993 de l ’ INSEE montrent ainsi que le capital humain moyen de l ’ économie joue un rôle significatif sur l ’ accumulation du capital humain et contribue à la mobilité intergénérationnelle , en dépit d ’ un coefficient de transmission du capital humain élevé entre générations . [eng] This study deals with intergenerational mobility in France over the period 1945-1993 , highlighting the role of the economy ’ s human capital endowment . Using an overlapping-generations interwoven-generations model with heterogeneous agents , we show that the presence of diffusion effects , linked to the economy ’ s average human capital , makes it possible to reduce inequality in human capital , even in the case of endogenous constant-rate growth . The theoretical model provides certain elements helping to explain the increase in the level of school enrolment seen in France in recent decades . Estimates on the basis of data provided by INSEE ’ s “ Formation et Qualification Professionnelle ” (Training and Professional Skills ) survey for 1993 show that the economy ’ s average human capital plays a significant role in the accumulation of human capital and contributes to intergenerational mobility , despite a high coefficient for the transmission of human capital between generations .

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 166 (2004)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 19-37

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2004_num_166_5_7379
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2004.7379
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. repec:cai:recosp:reco_p1996_47n3_0677 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1976. "Child Endowments, and the Quantity and Quality of Children," NBER Working Papers 0123, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  4. George J. Borjas, 1991. "Ethnic Capital and Intergenerational Mobility," NBER Working Papers 3788, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong-Wha, 1993. "International comparisons of educational attainment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 363-394, December.
  6. Kremer, M., 1996. "How Much Does Sorting Increase Inequality?," Working papers 96-18, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1, December.
  8. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-34, August.
  9. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-77, September.
  10. Stéfan Lollivier, 2001. "Les choix d'activité des femmes en couple : une approche longitudinale," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 125-140.
  11. Éric Maurin & Jean-Michel Hourriez & Christine Chambaz, 1996. "Revenu et niveau de vie d'une génération à l'autre," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(3), pages 677-686.
  12. Dominique Goux & Éric Maurin, 1997. "Destinées sociales : le rôle de l'école et du milieu d'origine," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 306(1), pages 13-26.
  13. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-89, December.
  14. Tamura, Robert, 1991. "Income Convergence in an Endogenous Growth Model," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 522-40, June.
  15. Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 1995. "The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1829-1878, December.
  16. Hanchane, S. & Moullet, S., 1997. "Mesure et analyse des rendements educatifs: Le cas francais," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 97b07, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  17. Chamberlain, Gary, 1984. "Panel data," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 22, pages 1247-1318 Elsevier.
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