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Externalités de léducation et mobilité intergénérationnelle : application au cas français

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  • Stéphanie Moullet
  • Alice Fabre

Abstract

[fre] L ’ étude porte sur la mobilité intergénérationnelle en France sur la période 1945-1993 et met l ’ accent sur le rôle de la dotation en capital humain de l ’ économie . A l ’ aide d ’ un modèle à générations imbriquées avec agents hétérogènes , nous montrons que la présence d ’ effets d ’ entraînement , liés au capital humain moyen de l ’ économie , permet de réduire l ’ inégalité en capital humain , même dans le cas d ’ une croissance endogène à taux constant . Le modèle théorique apporte des éléments d ’ explication de l ’ élévation du niveau de scolarisation observée en France au cours des dernières décennies . Des estimations réalisées à partir de données issues de l ’ enquête Formation et Qualification Professionnelle 1993 de l ’ INSEE montrent ainsi que le capital humain moyen de l ’ économie joue un rôle significatif sur l ’ accumulation du capital humain et contribue à la mobilité intergénérationnelle , en dépit d ’ un coefficient de transmission du capital humain élevé entre générations . [eng] This study deals with intergenerational mobility in France over the period 1945-1993 , highlighting the role of the economy ’ s human capital endowment . Using an overlapping-generations interwoven-generations model with heterogeneous agents , we show that the presence of diffusion effects , linked to the economy ’ s average human capital , makes it possible to reduce inequality in human capital , even in the case of endogenous constant-rate growth . The theoretical model provides certain elements helping to explain the increase in the level of school enrolment seen in France in recent decades . Estimates on the basis of data provided by INSEE ’ s “ Formation et Qualification Professionnelle ” (Training and Professional Skills ) survey for 1993 show that the economy ’ s average human capital plays a significant role in the accumulation of human capital and contributes to intergenerational mobility , despite a high coefficient for the transmission of human capital between generations .

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphanie Moullet & Alice Fabre, 2004. "Externalités de léducation et mobilité intergénérationnelle : application au cas français," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 166(5), pages 19-37.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2004_num_166_5_7379 Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2004.7379
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ben-Halima, B. & Chusseau, N. & Hellier, J., 2014. "Skill premia and intergenerational education mobility: The French case," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 50-64.
    2. Nathalie Picard & François-Charles Wolff, 2014. "Les inégalités intrafamiliales d'éducation en France," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 65(6), pages 813-840.
    3. B. Ben Halima & N. Chusseau & J. Hellier, 2013. "Skill Premia and Intergenerational Skill Transmission: The French Case," Working Papers 285, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    4. Nathalie Chusseau & Joel Hellier, 2012. "Education, Intergenerational Mobility and Inequality," Working Papers 261, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    5. Fleury, Nicolas, 2013. "How large second-generation migrants and natives differ in terms of human capital accumulation and why? Empirical evidence for France," MPRA Paper 50682, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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