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La baisse de la protection douanière dans l'Uruguay Round : le cas de l'agriculture dans l'Union européenne, au Canada et aux États-Unis

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  • Jean-Christophe Bureau
  • Youssef Chahed
  • Luca Salvatici

Abstract

[eng] Uruguay Round reductions in tariff protection : The case of agriculture in the European Union, Canada and the United States.. At the conclusion of the Uruguay Round the measure that was expected to have the most tangible impact was the clause relating to market access, requiring the signatory nations to convert non-tariff barriers into tariffs and achieve an overall average tariff reduction of 36% by the year 2000 in agri-food sector. However, it has not produced the anticipated results owing to certain technical provisions that have diminished its effect. Its actual impact on trade and welfare has been assessed by means of indicators (Trade Restrictiveness Index, or TRI, and Mercantilistic TRI) taking account of the distribution of tariff reductions made by the European Union, the United States and Canada. [fre] Uruguay Round reductions in tariff protection : The case of agriculture in the European Union, Canada and the United States.. At the conclusion of the Uruguay Round the measure that was expected to have the most tangible impact was the clause relating to market access, requiring the signatory nations to convert non-tariff barriers into tariffs and achieve an overall average tariff reduction of 36% by the year 2000 in agri-food sector. However, it has not produced the anticipated results owing to certain technical provisions that have diminished its effect. Its actual impact on trade and welfare has been assessed by means of indicators (Trade Restrictiveness Index, or TRI, and Mercantilistic TRI) taking account of the distribution of tariff reductions made by the European Union, the United States and Canada.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Christophe Bureau & Youssef Chahed & Luca Salvatici, 2002. "La baisse de la protection douanière dans l'Uruguay Round : le cas de l'agriculture dans l'Union européenne, au Canada et aux États-Unis," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 154(3), pages 107-122.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2002_num_154_3_6389
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2002.6389
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 1996. "A New Approach to Evaluating Trade Policy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(1), pages 107-125.
    2. Anderson, James E & Neary, J Peter, 1994. "The Trade Restrictiveness of the Multi-fibre Arrangement," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 8(2), pages 171-189, May.
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