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Land Reform and Farm Sector Restructuring in the Former Socialist Countries in Europe

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  • Csaki, Csaba
  • Lerman, Zvi

Abstract

Land reform in former socialist countries is proceeding along the dual track of restitution to former owners and distribution to users. Privatisation of land is accompanied by restructuring of large-scale farm enterprises, where all the production assets and facilities accumulated during the collectivist era. Despite an impressive growth in the number of private farmers and the complete dismantling of collectives in some countries, farmers are not rushing to establish independent farms on private land. The majority prefer to remain in some sort of a collective, where they can combine the benefits of private production with the supportive framework of a larger cooperative organisation. The farming structure is developing toward a mixture of small family farms, larger multi-family or commercial units, and looser cooperatives and farmers' associations emerging from large-scale socialised farms. Copyright 1994 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Csaki, Csaba & Lerman, Zvi, 1994. "Land Reform and Farm Sector Restructuring in the Former Socialist Countries in Europe," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 21(3-4), pages 553-576.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:21:y:1994:i:3-4:p:553-76
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    Cited by:

    1. Csaki, Csaba, 1995. "Where is Agriculture Heading in Central and Eastern Europe? Emerging Markets and the New Role for the Government," 1994 Conference, August 22-29, 1994, Harare, Zimbabwe 183373, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Grouiez, Pascal, 2013. "Understanding the puzzling resilience of the land share ownership in Russia: the input of Ostrom’s approach," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 14.
    3. Schrader, Jörg-Volker, 1996. "Agricultural finance in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC): The case of Poland," Kiel Working Papers 735, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Neudert, Regina & Rühs, Michael, 2013. "The Race for Leasing Rights: Pasture Access and Institutional Change During Post-socialist Reforms in Azerbaijan," Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources Discussion Papers 148489, Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    5. Darla Munroe, 2001. "Economic Efficiency in Polish Peasant Farming: An International Perspective," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(5), pages 461-471.
    6. Brooks, Karen & Lerman, Zvi, 1995. "Restructuring of traditional farms and new land relations in Russia," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 11-25, October.
    7. Viira, Ants-Hannes & Pöder, Anne & Värnik, Rando, 2013. "The Determinants of Farm Growth, Decline and Exit in Estonia," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 62(1).
    8. Andersson, H., 1995. "Landlords and farmers: implications of disparities in bargaining power for tenancy in agriculture," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 151-162, August.
    9. Bezemer, Dirk J., 2004. "Risk and agricultural de-collectivisation, with evidence from the Czech Republic," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 13-33, March.
    10. Schmitz, P. Michael & Noeth, Cornelia, 1997. "Institutional and Organizational Forces Shaping the Agricultural Transformation Process: Experiences, Causes and Implications," 1997 Conference, August 10-16, 1997, Sacramento, California 197042, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    11. Bezemer, Dirk J., 2002. "Risk and De-Collectivisation: Evidence from the Czech Republic," 2002 International Congress, August 28-31, 2002, Zaragoza, Spain 24888, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    12. Brooks, Karen M. & Lerman, Zvi, 1995. "Restructuring of traditional farms and new land relations in Russia," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 13(1), October.
    13. Dirk J. Bezemer, 2000. "Limitations on De-collectivisation in Central European Agriculture," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 00-037/2, Tinbergen Institute.
    14. Lerman, Zvi & Brooks, Karen & Csaki, Csaba, 1995. "Restructuring of traditional farms and new land relations in Ukraine," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 27-37, October.
    15. Lerman, Zvi & Brooks, Karen M. & Csaki, Csaba, 1995. "Restructuring of traditional farms and new land relations in Ukraine," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 13(1), October.
    16. Scheierling, S. M., 1996. "Toward improved water quality management in Central and Eastern Europe," IWMI Working Papers H044686, International Water Management Institute.
    17. Dirk W. Rudolph, 1999. "Vertical organization of agribusinesses in transition economies: Hungarian production systems or agricultural franchising?," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(1), pages 25-40.
    18. Antón, Jesús, 1997. "Explaining Stocks and Export Subsidies in Agriculture," 1997 Conference, August 10-16, 1997, Sacramento, California 197059, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    19. Davis, John & Wang, Liming & Chen, Fu, 2000. "Land Reform Initiatives in China," 2000 Conference, August 13-18, 2000, Berlin, Germany 197215, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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