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Do Tax Cuts Promote Entrepreneurial Longevity?

  • Gurley–Calvez, Tami
  • Bruce, Donald

We use a 12–year panel of tax return data to assess whether or not taxes affect the duration of entrepreneurial activities. Our study is the first to examine the effects of tax rates on exit decisions using duration–analysis techniques. We find convincing evidence that cutting marginal tax rates faced by wage–and–salary workers can reduce the duration of entrepreneurial activities, while cutting marginal tax rates faced by entrepreneurs can lengthen entrepreneurial spells. The relative magnitudes of these effects suggest that an across–the–board tax cut would increase entrepreneurial longevity.

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Article provided by National Tax Association in its journal National Tax Journal.

Volume (Year): 61 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 225-50

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Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:61:y:2008:i:2:p:225-50
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  1. Roger H. Gordon & Julie Berry Cullen, 2002. "Taxes and Entrepreneurial Activity: Theory and Evidence for the U.S," NBER Working Papers 9015, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. James P. Ziliak & Thomas J. Kniesner, 2005. "The Effect of Income Taxation on Consumption and Labor Supply," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 23(4), pages 769-796, October.
  3. Robert Carroll & Douglas Holtz-Eakin & Mark Rider & Harvey S. Rosen, 2000. "Personal Income Taxes and the Growth of Small Firms," NBER Working Papers 7980, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Bruce, Donald, 2000. "Effects of the United States tax system on transitions into self-employment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 545-574, September.
  5. Gruber, Jonathan, 1997. "The Incidence of Payroll Taxation: Evidence from Chile," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S72-101, July.
  6. Robert Carroll & Douglas Holtz-Eakin & Mark Rider & Harvey S. Rosen, 1998. "Entrepreneurs, Income Taxes, and Investment," NBER Working Papers 6374, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Anna L. Paulson & Robert M. Townsend & Alexander Karaivanov, 2006. "Distinguishing Limited Liability from Moral Hazard in a Model of Entrepreneurship," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(1), pages 100-144, February.
  8. Herb J. Schuetze, . "Taxes, Economic Conditions And Recent Trends in Male Self-Employment: A Canada-U.S. Comparison," Canadian International Labour Network Working Papers 11, McMaster University.
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