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The optimal rate of inflation and the inflation target: international experience and the Hungarian perspective

  • Réka Juhász
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    This article discusses the main factors considered in defining the country’s inflation target which was revised this year. Three key issues are covered: the theoretical and empirical literature dealing with the optimal level of inflation, international best practice and individual, country-specific factors that may justify deviation in any direction from best practice. The article finds that the 3% inflation target set by the MNB is consistent with all the three aspects reviewed and, consequently, contributes to the MNB achieving its primary statutory objective of price stability.

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    Article provided by Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary) in its journal MNB Bulletin.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 2 (September)
    Pages: 30-37

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    Handle: RePEc:mnb:bullet:v:3:y:2008:i:2:p:30-37
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    1. Burdekin, Richard C.K. & Denzau, Arthur T. & Keil, Manfred W. & Sitthiyot, Thitithep & Willett, Thomas D., 2004. "When does inflation hurt economic growth? Different nonlinearities for different economies," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 519-532, September.
    2. William Dickens & Lorenz Goette & Erica L. Groshen & Steinar Holden & Julian Messina & Mark Schweitzer & Jarkko Turunen & Melanie Ward, 2007. "How Wages Change: Micro Evidence from the International Wage Flexibility Project," CSEF Working Papers 171, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    3. Amato, Jeffery D. & Gerlach, Stefan, 2001. "Inflation Targeting in Emerging Market and Transition Economies: Lessons After a Decade," CEPR Discussion Papers 3074, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. George A. Akerlof & William R. Dickens & George L. Perry, 1996. "The Macroeconomics of Low Inflation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(1), pages 1-76.
    5. Robert J. Barro, 2012. "Inflation and Economic Growth," CEMA Working Papers 568, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    6. Laurence Ball & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1992. "Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Economic Fluctuations," NBER Working Papers 4089, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Anne-Marie Brook & Özer Karagedikli & Dean Scrimgeour, 2002. "An optimal inflation target for New Zealand: lessons from the literature," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, Reserve Bank of New Zealand, vol. 65, September.
    8. Bruno, Michael & Easterly, William, 1998. "Inflation crises and long-run growth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 3-26, February.
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