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Intertemporal Tax-Smoothing and the Government Budget Surplus: Canada and the United States

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  • Ghosh, Atish R

Abstract

This paper shows that, if the government smooths taxes, then the budget surplus should equal the present discounted value of expected changes in government expenditure. This implication of the tax-smoothing hypothesis imposes more stringent restrictions on the data than the more usual method of testing whether changes in tax rates follow a random walk. The tax-smoothing model is applied to the federal government budgets of Canada and the United States and, in each case, receives considerable empirical support. Copyright 1995 by Ohio State University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghosh, Atish R, 1995. "Intertemporal Tax-Smoothing and the Government Budget Surplus: Canada and the United States," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(4), pages 1033-1045, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:27:y:1995:i:4:p:1033-45
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    1. Bohn, Henning, 1990. "Tax Smoothing with Financial Instruments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1217-1230, December.
    2. Huang, Chao-Hsi & Lin, Kenneth S., 1993. "Deficits, government expenditures, and tax smoothing in the United States: 1929-1988," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 317-339, June.
    3. Chari, V V & Christiano, Lawrence J & Kehoe, Patrick J, 1991. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Some Recent Results," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 519-539, August.
    4. Trehan, Bharat & Walsh, Carl E., 1988. "Common trends, the government's budget constraint, and revenue smoothing," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 425-444.
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