The Tax-smoothing Hypothesis: Evidence from Sweden, 1952-1999
This paper tests Barro's (1979) tax-smoothing hypothesis using Swedish central government data for the period 1952-1999. According to the tax-smoothing hypothesis, the government sets the budget surplus equal to expected changes in government expenditure. When expenditure is expected to increase, the government runs a budget surplus, and when expenditure is expected to fall, the government runs a budget deficit. The empirical evidence suggests that the model provides a useful benchmark and that tax-smoothing behavior can explain about 60 percent of the variability in the Swedish central government budget surplus. Copyright The editors of the "Scandinavian Journal of Economics", 2006 .
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Volume (Year): 108 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (03)
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