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Államosítás, privatizáció és gazdaságpolitika - a főirány széttöredezése
[Nationalization and privatization - in the shadow of changing paradigms of economic policy]

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  • Voszka, Éva

Abstract

Az állami tulajdon kiterjedésének módosítása a gazdasági válságok kezelésének mindig fontos - de nem kizárólagos - eszköze volt az elmúlt évszázad európai és egyesült államokbeli történetében. Az utóbbi évek ebből a szempontból nem kivételesek. Csakhogy míg korábban vagy a közkézbe vétel, vagy az eladás irányzata volt meghatározó, a közelmúlt folyamatai furcsa együttmozgást mutatnak. A tanulmány a nagy léptékű államosítási és privatizációs hullámok alapvonásainak fényében elemzi az elmúlt évek új fejleményét, a változási irányok széttöredezését. Bemutatja azokat az indokokat, amelyek alapján az állami tulajdon kiterjesztése és szűkítése egyaránt alkalmasnak látszott a válság enyhítésére, szoros kapcsolatban más válságkezelő intézkedésekkel. Amellett érvel, hogy a köztulajdonra vonatkozó felfogás elbizonytalanodása részben a korábbi hullámok tapasztalataival és ennek nyomán a közvélekedés változásával függ össze, részben az elméleti és gazdaságpolitikai paradigma elbizonytalanodására vezethető vissza: most sem az államosítás, sem a privatizáció mögött nem áll egységes, határozott nézetrendszer.* Journal of Economics Literature (JEL) kód: H82, L32, P26.

Suggested Citation

  • Voszka, Éva, 2015. "Államosítás, privatizáció és gazdaságpolitika - a főirány széttöredezése [Nationalization and privatization - in the shadow of changing paradigms of economic policy]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 717-748.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1567
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Király, Júlia, 2016. "A magyar bankrendszer tulajdonosi struktúrájának átalakulása [Transformation of the ownership structure of the Hungarian banking system]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 725-761.
    2. Tóth, Balázs, 2021. "Milyen kapcsolatban állnak a közszféra reformjai a gazdaságpolitikai paradigmákkal? [How reforms of the public sector relate to the paradigms of economic policy]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(2), pages 205-222.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H82 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Property
    • L32 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Enterprises; Public-Private Enterprises
    • P26 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Political Economy

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