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Államosítás, privatizáció, államosítás
[Nationalization, privatization, nationalization]

Author

Listed:
  • Voszka, Éva

Abstract

A magyar állam részvénytulajdona három év alatt megduplázódott. Állami kézbe kerültek energetikai óriások és kisebb bankok, nagy közszolgáltatók és apró boltok, nyereséges és a csőd szélén álló cégek, teljes pakettek és kisebbségi részesedések. A lezáratlan folyamatról készült pillanatfelvétel azonban nem káoszt, hanem egységbe rendeződő képet exponál: a köztulajdon kiterjesztése a gazdaság működéséről alkotott kormányzati felfogás szerves része, fontos, bár nem kizárólagos eszköze az állami szerepvállalás módosításának, a vagyonok és jövedelemszerzési lehetőségek átrendezésének. Az elemzés szerint az állami tulajdon nagyságának változása, ha az beágyazódik az egész gazdaság működési módjának átformálásába, akkor olyan jellegzetességeket mutat, amelyek a politikai berendezkedéstől, sőt a lépések irányától is függetlenül jelentkeznek: a közkézbe vételnek és a privatizálásnak vannak hasonló vonásai. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: H82, L32, P26.

Suggested Citation

  • Voszka, Éva, 2013. "Államosítás, privatizáció, államosítás [Nationalization, privatization, nationalization]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1289-1317.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1437
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Denisova, Irina & Eller, Markus & Frye, Timothy & Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, 2012. "Everyone hates privatization, but why? Survey evidence from 28 post-communist countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 44-61.
    2. Przemyslaw Kowalski & Max Büge & Monika Sztajerowska & Matias Egeland, 2013. "State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications," OECD Trade Policy Papers 147, OECD Publishing.
    3. Voszka, Éva, 2005. "Állami tulajdonlás - elvi indokok és gyakorlati dilemmák [State ownership - reasons in principle and dilemmas in practice]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 1-23.
    4. Chang, Roberto & Hevia, Constantino & Loayza, Norman, 2018. "Privatization And Nationalization Cycles," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(2), pages 331-361, March.
    5. Voszka, Éva, 2001. "Privatizáció helyett újraelosztás. Az állami vagyon sorsa 1998 és 2001 között [Privatization instead of redistribution. The fate of the state's assets between 1998 and 2001]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(9), pages 726-744.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Győrffy, Dóra, 2021. "Felzárkózási pályák Kelet-Közép-Európában két válság között [Convergence paths in Central and Eastern Europe between two crises]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 47-75.
    2. Voszka, Éva, 2015. "Államosítás, privatizáció és gazdaságpolitika - a főirány széttöredezése [Nationalization and privatization - in the shadow of changing paradigms of economic policy]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 717-748.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H82 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Property
    • L32 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Enterprises; Public-Private Enterprises
    • P26 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Political Economy

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