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A szakiskolai tanoncképzés rövid távú munkaerő-piaci hatásai
[The short-term labour-market effects of vocational apprenticeship training]

Author

Listed:
  • Horn, Dániel

Abstract

A duális szerkezetű (iskolai elméleti és vállalati gyakorlati) tanoncképzés nyugat- európai rendszeréről született empirikus elemzések sora megmutatta, hogy az "kisimítja" a tanulók iskolából a munkaerőpiacra való átmenetét. E tanulmány szerzője a kelet-európai szakiskolai tanoncképzésről elsők között végzett hasonló empirikus vizsgálatot a Tárki-Educatio Életpálya-felmérésének felhasználásával. Eredményei azt mutatják, hogy azonos megyén és szakmacsoporton belül majdnem egy évvel a végzésük után azok a szakiskolás tanulók, akik a szakmai gyakorlatukat vállalatoknál végezték, nem lesznek nagyobb valószínűséggel munkavállalók, mint hasonló egyéni jellemzőjű, de tanoncképzésben nem részesült társaik. Bár a végzést követő hónapban van szignifikáns a különbség a tanoncok és a nem tanoncok között, ez a hatás leginkább a tanoncok egy csoportja miatt érvényesül. Közvetlenül a végzés után azok a tanoncok, akik nagyvállalatoknál egyéni szervezésben végezték szakmai gyakorlatukat, sokkal nagyobb valószínűséggel találnak rendszeres állást, mint nem tanonc társaik. Ez a hatás azonban feltételezhetően inkább a vállalati szelekciónak, semmint a képzés minőségének tulajdonítható. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: J08, J24, I24.

Suggested Citation

  • Horn, Dániel, 2014. "A szakiskolai tanoncképzés rövid távú munkaerő-piaci hatásai [The short-term labour-market effects of vocational apprenticeship training]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(9), pages 975-999.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1498
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Wolter, Stefan C. & Ryan, Paul, 2011. "Apprenticeship," Handbook of the Economics of Education, in: Erik Hanushek & Stephen Machin & Ludger Woessmann (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of Education, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 11, pages 521-576, Elsevier.
    2. Klaus Pforr, 2011. "Implementation of a multinomial logit model with fixed effects," German Stata Users' Group Meetings 2011 03, Stata Users Group.
    3. Paul Ryan, 2001. "The School-to-Work Transition: A Cross-National Perspective: Corrigendum," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(3), pages 767-767, September.
    4. Christian Dustmann & Uta Schönberg, 2012. "What Makes Firm-Based Vocational Training Schemes Successful? The Role of Commitment," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 36-61, April.
    5. Eichhorst, Werner & Rodríguez-Planas, Núria & Schmidl, Ricarda & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2012. "A Roadmap to Vocational Education and Training Systems Around the World," IZA Discussion Papers 7110, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Anna Baranowska & Michael Gebel & Irena E Kotowska, 2011. "The role of fixed-term contracts at labour market entry in Poland: stepping stones, screening devices, traps or search subsidies?," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 25(4), pages 777-793, December.
    7. Kathrin Bertschy & M. Alejandra Cattaneo & Stefan C. Wolter, 2009. "PISA and the Transition into the Labour Market," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 23(s1), pages 111-137, March.
    8. Paul Ryan, 2001. "The School-to-Work Transition: A Cross-National Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(1), pages 34-92, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Makó, Ágnes, 2015. "A szakképzett pályakezdők munkaerő-piaci helyzete és elhelyezkedési esélyei [The labour-market position of qualified starters and their chances of finding a job]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 502-524.
    2. Makó, Ágnes, 2019. "A közismereti tudás és az elkötelezettség hatása a szakiskolát végzettek munkaerőpiaci esélyeire [General knowledge and commitment as factors in the labour-market chances of those completing vocati," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 434-458.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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