Asymmetric monetary policies? the case of Germany and France
How dissimilar are the policy objectives of the Bundesbank and the Banque de France and have those objectives converged since the conception of the EMS? We address these questions by estimating objective functions for the flexible-exchange-rate and the EMS periods. Vector autoregressions are used to characterize the economic environment and an inverse control methodology is used to infer the objectives of the central banks. We find that the Bundesbank's policy actions are compatible with its having consistently placed a high weight on the objective of price stability. The Banque de France on the other hand appears to have considered output stability to be an important target in the early EMS period. After a major French policy shift in 1982 the objectives of two Central Banks appear to be quite similar. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991
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