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Dynamic Price Competition with Consumption Externalities

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  • Toker Doganoglu

    (Christian Albrechts University at Kiel)

Abstract

The dynamic price competition in a horizontally differentiated duopoly when consumers value previous market shares is analyzed. The conditions for the existence of stable Markov-Perfect Equilibrium (MPE) in linear strategies are established. When they exist, the optimal pricing policies suggest that a firm with a higher previous market share charges a higher price, all else equal. It is possible to observe pricing below cost for some periods. In the steady state, the MPE leads to a more competitive outcome (lower prices) than the case where there are no consumption externalities. The model can produce outcomes where the steady state is reached very slowly which provides an alternative explanation for slow emergence of competition when entrants face an established incumbent: It may be due to persistence in consumer tastes.

Suggested Citation

  • Toker Doganoglu, 2003. "Dynamic Price Competition with Consumption Externalities," Netnomics, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 43-69, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:netnom:v:5:y:2003:i:1:d:10.1023_a:1024994117734
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1024994117734
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    Cited by:

    1. Hiroshi Kitamura, 2007. "Capacity Expansion in Markets with Intertemporal Consumption Externalities," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 07-11, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics.
    2. Jullien, Bruno & Pavan, Alessandro & Rysman, Marc, 2021. "Two-sided Markets, Pricing, and Network Effects," CEPR Discussion Papers 16480, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Raúl Bajo-Buenestado, 2021. "Market prices, spatial distribution of consumers and firms’ optimal locations in a linear city," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 61(1), pages 443-467, July.
    4. Luís Cabral, 2011. "Dynamic Price Competition with Network Effects," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 78(1), pages 83-111.
    5. Yinbo Feng & Ming Hu, 2017. "Blockbuster or Niche? Competitive Strategy under Network Effects," Working Papers 17-13, NET Institute.
    6. Halaburda, Hanna & Jullien, Bruno & Yehezkel, Yaron, 2016. "Dynamic Competition with Network Externalities: Why History Matters," CEPR Discussion Papers 11205, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Hattori, Keisuke & Zennyo, Yusuke, 2018. "Pricing and Diffusion of Durables with Network Externalities," MPRA Paper 86203, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Hannu Huuki & Rauli Svento, 2020. "Unobserved preferences and dynamic platform pricing under positive network externality," Netnomics, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 37-58, December.
    9. Hattori, Keisuke & Zennyo, Yusuke, 2018. "Heterogeneous Consumer Expectations and Monopoly Pricing for Durables with Network Externalities," MPRA Paper 89893, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 08 Nov 2018.
    10. Jenkins, Mark & Liu, Paul & Matzkin, Rosa L. & McFadden, Daniel L., 2021. "The browser war — Analysis of Markov Perfect Equilibrium in markets with dynamic demand effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 222(1), pages 244-260.
    11. Hiroshi Kitamura, 2010. "Capacity Expansion In Markets With Inter‐Temporal Consumption Externalities," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 127-148, June.
    12. Rabah Amir & Jean Gabszewicz & Joana Resende, 2014. "Thematic Clubs and the Supremacy of Network Externalities," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 16(5), pages 706-729, October.
    13. Francesca Di Pillo & Livio Cricelli & Massimo Gastaldi & Nathan Levialdi, 2010. "Asymmetry in mobile access charges: is it an effective regulatory measure?," Netnomics, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 291-314, October.

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