Health damage of air pollution: An estimate of a dose-response relationship for the Netherlands
This paper estimates the dose-response relationship between air pollution and the number of work loss days for the Netherlands. The study is based on illness data (work loss days) for the Dutch labour population and average year concentrations of air pollution in 29 districts. The dose-response relationship has been estimated by means of two different techniques: the ordinary least squares method (OLS) and the one-way fixed-effects method (OWFEM), which we consider to be more adequate. In general health effects are much smaller when OWFEM is applied than if OLS is used. With OWFEM a significant relationship is found between sulphate aerosol (SO 4 ), ammonia (NH 3 ) and the number of work loss days (WLDs). Particulates (TSP), O 3 and SO 2 have no significant effect on the number of WLDs. These results differ from those obtained in studies in the United States, which indicate that particulates (TSP) and other small particles, ozone (O 3 ) and to a lesser extent SO 4 and SO 2 significantly influence the number of WLDs. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997
Volume (Year): 9 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
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