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Air Quality and Morbidity: Concentration-response Relationships for Sweden

Author

Listed:
  • Samakovlis, Eva

    () (National Institute of Economic Research)

  • Huhtala, Anni

    () (MTT Economic Research)

  • Bellander, Tom

    () (Department of Environmental Health)

  • Svartengren, Magnus

    () (Department of Public Health Sciences)

Abstract

The study investigates the morbidity impacts of air pollution when pollution may affect both the likelihood and duration of respiratory problems. The relationship between comparatively low pollutant levels and respiratory ailments is estimated using Swedish data, and the change in respiratory-related restricted activity days (RRAD) due to a unit change in NO2 is calculated. The analysis pays particular attention to overdispersion, the high proportion of zero values and the peak in the RRAD distribution, problems that have not been addressed thoroughly in previous studies. Our results suggest that it is a challenging task to set air quality standards for environments where modes increases in pollutant concentrations may significantly prolong respiratory health problems for the most vulnerable individuals.

Suggested Citation

  • Samakovlis, Eva & Huhtala, Anni & Bellander, Tom & Svartengren, Magnus, 2004. "Air Quality and Morbidity: Concentration-response Relationships for Sweden," Working Papers 87, National Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:nierwp:0087
    Note: This paper is published as: Samakovlis, Eva, Anni Huhtala, Tom Bellander and Magnus Svartengren (2005)"Valuing health effects of air pollution-Focus on concentration-response-functions", Journal of Urban Economics, 58, pages 230-249.
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Östblom, Göran & Samakovlis, Eva, 2004. "Costs of Climate Policy when Pollution Affects Health and Labour Productivity. A general Equilibrium Analysis Applied to Sweden," Working Papers 93, National Institute of Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    air quality; concentration-response; health; respiratory restricted activity days;

    JEL classification:

    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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