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Age, Retirement, and Expenditure Patterns: An Econometric Study of Older Households


  • Frank Denton
  • Dean Mountain
  • Byron Spencer



The paper explores the allocation of consumption expenditure by the older population among different categories of goods and services, and how expenditure patterns change with age within that population. Of particular interest is whether observed differences between pre-retirement and post-retirement patterns are a consequence of changes in tastes or reductions in income. An adapted form of the Deaton and Muellbauer [Am. Econ. Rev., 70:312–326, 1980 ] Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) is estimated with data from six surveys of family expenditure and used to investigate that question. The findings suggest that observed changes in budget allocations are most closely related to reductions in income. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 2006

Suggested Citation

  • Frank Denton & Dean Mountain & Byron Spencer, 2006. "Age, Retirement, and Expenditure Patterns: An Econometric Study of Older Households," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 34(4), pages 421-434, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:34:y:2006:i:4:p:421-434
    DOI: 10.1007/s11293-006-9028-8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Frank T. Denton & Byron G. Spencer, 1997. "How Well Does the CPI Serve as an Index of Inflation for Older Age Groups?," Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population Research Reports 329, McMaster University.
    2. Frank Denton & Dean Mountain, 2004. "Aggregation effects on price and expenditure elasticities in a quadratic almost ideal demand system," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 37(3), pages 613-628, August.
    3. Denton, Frank T. & Mountain, Dean C., 2001. "Income distribution and aggregation/disaggregation biases in the measurement of consumer demand elasticities," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 21-28, October.
    4. Krinsky, Itzhak & Robb, A Leslie, 1986. "On Approximating the Statistical Properties of Elasticities," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(4), pages 715-719, November.
    5. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-326, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Frank T. Denton & Ross Finnie & Byron G. Spencer, 2009. "Income Replacement in Retirement: Longitudinal Evidence from Income Tax Records," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 261, McMaster University.
    2. Axsen, Jonn & Mountain, Dean C. & Jaccard, Mark, 2009. "Combining stated and revealed choice research to simulate the neighbor effect: The case of hybrid-electric vehicles," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 221-238, August.
    3. repec:eee:joecag:v:3:y:2014:i:c:p:11-20 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    expenditure patterns; older population; retirement; D10; J14;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination


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