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The Chinese Housing Provident Fund


  • Richard J. Buttimer Jr.

    () (The Belk College of Business Administration, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Department of Finance and Business Law, 340B Friday Building, 9201 University City Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001)

  • Anthony Yanxiang Gu

    () (State University of New York, Geneseo, 115 D South Hall, 1 College Circle, Geneseo, NY 14454)

  • Tyler T. Yang

    () (IFE Group, 51 Monroe Street, Plaza E-6, Rockville, MD 20850, (301) 309-6561)


The Chinese government has embarked upon an effort to reduce the number of tenants living in publicly owned housing. This is a significant challenge for any government, but may be especially so for a country where private homeownership is a new option. Out of concern that many of its citizens could not afford to purchase their housing units, the Chinese government created the Housing Provident Fund. This program, which is similar to housing fund programs in other countries such as Thailand and Singapore, combines a 401(k)-like savings and retirement account with subsidized mortgage rates and price discounts to provide a mechanism through which an employee could save for, and eventually complete, a housing purchase.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard J. Buttimer Jr. & Anthony Yanxiang Gu & Tyler T. Yang, 2004. "The Chinese Housing Provident Fund," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 7(1), pages 1-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:ire:issued:v:07:n:01:2004:p:1-30

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tse, Chung Yi & Leung, Charles Ka Yui, 2002. "Increasing Wealth and Increasing Instability: The Role of Collateral," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(1), pages 45-52, February.
    2. Yanxiang Anthony Gu & Peter F. Colwell, 1997. "Housing rent and occupational rank in Beijing and Shenyang, People's Republic of China," Journal of Property Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 133-143, January.
    3. Dennis R. Capozza & Patric H. Hendershott & Charlotte Mack & Christopher J. Mayer, 2002. "Determinants of Real House Price Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 9262, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Dennis R. Capozza & Charlotte Mack & Patric H. Hendershott & Christopher J. Mayer, 2002. "The Determinants of House Price Dynamics," ERES eres2002_106, European Real Estate Society (ERES).
    5. Charles Ka-Yui Leung & Chung Yi Tse, 1998. "Fixed Cost, Saving and Technology Choice," Departmental Working Papers _106, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics.
    6. Kan, Kamhon, 2000. "Dynamic Modeling of Housing Tenure Choice," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 46-69, July.
    7. Artle, Roland & Varaiya, Pravin, 1978. "Life cycle consumption and homeownership," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 38-58, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Liming Yao & Michael White & Alla Koblyakova, 2015. "House price appreciation and housing affordability: a study of younger households tenure choice in China," ERES eres2015_44, European Real Estate Society (ERES).
    2. Claude Taffin & Roy Friedemann & Kim Kyung-Hwan, 2011. "Strategic Reorientation of the Housing Provident Fund System in the People's Republic of China," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12780, The World Bank.
    3. Hiroshi Sato & Terry Sicular & Ximing Yue, 2011. "Housing Ownership, Incomes, and Inequality in China, 2002-2007," University of Western Ontario, Centre for Human Capital and Productivity (CHCP) Working Papers 201112, University of Western Ontario, Centre for Human Capital and Productivity (CHCP).
    4. Atella, Vincenzo & Brugiavini, Agar & Pace, Noemi, 2015. "The health care system reform in China: Effects on out-of-pocket expenses and saving," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 182-195.
    5. Tang, Mingzhe & Coulson, N. Edward, 2017. "The impact of China's housing provident fund on homeownership, housing consumption and housing investment," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 25-37.
    6. Kazuya Tani & Yoshiyuki Kikuchi & Hideo Takaoka & Shubin Lin, 2014. "Housing Acquisition Process for Public Housing and Commodity Housing in Shanghai: A Survey of Residents," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 17(3), pages 415-444.

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    JEL classification:

    • L85 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Real Estate Services


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