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Cultivating Trust and Harvesting Value in Virtual Communities


  • Constance Elise Porter

    () (Department of Marketing, Mendoza College of Business, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556)

  • Naveen Donthu

    () (Department of Marketing, Robinson College of Business, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303)


Although previous scholars have examined the value of virtual communities to customers, in this study we investigate the role of a firm's efforts in cultivating trust and harvesting value for themselves via the virtual communities that they sponsor. We hypothesize that the perceptions of a firm's efforts to provide quality content, to foster member embeddedness, and to encourage interaction foster favorable customer beliefs about and trust in a virtual community sponsor. Further, we hypothesize that trust motivates customers to behave relationally toward the sponsoring firm by sharing information with, coproducing new products with, and granting loyalty to, the sponsoring firm. Data from 663 customers are analyzed using structural equation modeling techniques. We find that efforts to provide quality content and foster member embeddedness have positive effects on customer beliefs about the sponsor. In fact, fostering member embeddedness has a stronger explanatory effect on customer beliefs than does providing quality content. However, despite the fact that previous studies show that customers value interaction in virtual communities, our findings suggest that firms must do more than encourage interaction among their community members if they hope to create value from their virtual communities.

Suggested Citation

  • Constance Elise Porter & Naveen Donthu, 2008. "Cultivating Trust and Harvesting Value in Virtual Communities," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 54(1), pages 113-128, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:54:y:2008:i:1:p:113-128

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sridhar Balasubramanian & Prabhudev Konana & Nirup M. Menon, 2003. "Customer Satisfaction in Virtual Environments: A Study of Online Investing," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 49(7), pages 871-889, July.
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    3. Won-Seok Yoo & Kil-Soo Suh & Moon-Bong Lee, 2002. "Exploring the Factors Enhancing Member Participation in Virtual Communities," Journal of Global Information Management (JGIM), IGI Global, vol. 10(3), pages 55-71, July.
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