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Expectations about the Federal Reserve’s Balance Sheet and the Term Structure of Interest Rates

Author

Listed:
  • Jane Ihrig

    (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

  • Elizabeth Klee

    (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

  • Canlin Li

    (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

  • Min Wei

    (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

  • Joe Kachovec

    (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

Abstract

This paper assesses the effects of the Federal Reserve’s asset purchase programs on Treasury yields, and provides a framework to evaluate these effects both initially and over time as market expectations of the economy and the Federal Reserve’s balance sheet evolve. Our framework suggests that the first purchase program had the largest initial impact on the ten-year Treasury yield, estimated to be about 34 basis points in early 2009. Although the effect of the first program waned considerably by the end of 2015, at that time all programs combined were depressing the ten-year yield by about 100 basis points, reflecting expectations of economic conditions and Federal Reserve policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Jane Ihrig & Elizabeth Klee & Canlin Li & Min Wei & Joe Kachovec, 2018. "Expectations about the Federal Reserve’s Balance Sheet and the Term Structure of Interest Rates," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 14(2), pages 341-391, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijc:ijcjou:y:2018:q:1:a:8
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Stefania D’Amico & William English & David López‐Salido & Edward Nelson, 2012. "The Federal Reserve's Large‐scale Asset Purchase Programmes: Rationale and Effects," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 122(564), pages 415-446, November.
    2. Canlin Li & Min Wei, 2013. "Term Structure Modeling with Supply Factors and the Federal Reserve's Large-Scale Asset Purchase Progarms," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(1), pages 3-39, March.
    3. Christensen, Jens H.E. & Lopez, Jose A. & Rudebusch, Glenn D., 2015. "A probability-based stress test of Federal Reserve assets and income," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 26-43.
    4. Canlin Li & Min Wei, 2012. "Term structure modelling with supply factors and the Federal Reserve's Large Scale Asset Purchase programs," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2012-37, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 2012.
    5. Eric M. Engen & Thomas Laubach & David L. Reifschneider, 2015. "The Macroeconomic Effects of the Federal Reserve's Unconventional Monetary Policies," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-5, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 14 Jan 2015.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Huseyin Ozturk, 2020. "The shape of sovereign yield curve in an emerging economy: Do macroeconomic or external factors matter?," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 47(1), pages 83-112, February.
    2. Alexander D. Gromov, 2017. "The Efficiency of Russian Higher Education Institutions and its Determinants," HSE Working papers WP BRP 40/EDU/2017, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    3. Adrien Alvero & Andreas M. Fischer, 2016. "Exchange rate floor and central bank balance sheets: Simple spillover tests of the Swiss franc," Aussenwirtschaft, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, Swiss Institute for International Economics and Applied Economics Research, vol. 67(02), pages 31-50, August.
    4. Eser, Fabian & Lemke, Wolfgang & Nyholm, Ken & Radde, Sören & Vladu, Andreea Liliana, 2019. "Tracing the impact of the ECB’s asset purchase programme on the yield curve," Working Paper Series 2293, European Central Bank.
    5. Naoko Hara & Ryuzo Miyao & Tatsuyoshi Okimoto, 2020. "The Effects Of Asset Purchases And Normalization Of U.S. Monetary Policy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 58(3), pages 1279-1296, July.
    6. Andrea Landi, Alex Sclip, Valeria Venturelli, 2019. "The effect of the Fed zero-lower bound announcementon bank profitability and diversification," Centro Studi di Banca e Finanza (CEFIN) (Center for Studies in Banking and Finance) 0079, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
    7. Carpenter, Seth & Demiralp, Selva & Ihrig, Jane & Klee, Elizabeth, 2015. "Analyzing Federal Reserve asset purchases: From whom does the Fed buy?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 230-244.
    8. Stephanie Titzck & Jan Willem van den End, 2019. "The impact of size, composition and duration of the central bank balance sheet on inflation expectations and market prices," DNB Working Papers 627, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    9. Breckenfelder, Johannes & De Fiore, Fiorella & Andrade, Philippe & Karadi, Peter & Tristani, Oreste, 2016. "The ECB's asset purchase programme: an early assessment," Working Paper Series 1956, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling

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