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Performance Comparison Between Real Estate Securities and Real Estate Investment Using Stochastic Dominance and Mean-Variance Analysis



    (National Institute of Development Administration, Bangkapi, Bangkok, 10240, Thailand, Tel: +66 2 727 3932)


    (Srinakharinwirot University, Wattana, Bangkok, 10110, Thailand, Tel: +66 2 169 1018)


Unlike in the past, different choices for real estate investment are now available for investors. Real estate securities were introduced as another alternative investment vehicle for real estate investors. To promote efficient investment in real estate and real estate securities, this paper explores the relative performance of different types of real estate investment including land, town home, single house, and real estate securities in Thailand from April 2008 to May 2016 by applying mean-variance and stochastic dominance techniques. The results of this examination suggest that the real estate market is not efficient and asset allocation plays important role in real estate investment performance. Mean-variance and stochastic dominance analysis report the same result that town home investment dominates single house investment and land investment dominates condominium investment. Beside trying to choose the best real estate or real estate security in their portfolio, investors should put extra effort in finding the proper types of real estate for their portfolio.

Suggested Citation

  • Aekkachai NITTAYAGASETWAT & Jiroj BURANASIRI, 2016. "Performance Comparison Between Real Estate Securities and Real Estate Investment Using Stochastic Dominance and Mean-Variance Analysis," International Conference on Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Spiru Haret University, vol. 3(1), pages 208-219, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:icb:wpaper:v:3:y:2016:i:1:208-219

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hoesli, Martin & Oikarinen, Elias, 2012. "Are REITs real estate? Evidence from international sector level data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1823-1850.
    2. Roger G. Ibbotson & Laurence B. Siegel, 1984. "Real Estate Returns: A Comparison with Other Investments," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 12(3), pages 219-242.
    3. Alexander, Gordon J. & Baptista, Alexandre M., 2002. "Economic implications of using a mean-VaR model for portfolio selection: A comparison with mean-variance analysis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(7-8), pages 1159-1193, July.
    4. Clayton, Jim & MacKinnon, Greg, 2003. "The Relative Importance of Stock, Bond and Real Estate Factors in Explaining REIT Returns," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 39-60, July.
    5. Carolina Fugazza & Massimo Guidolin & Giovanna Nicodano, 2007. "Investing for the Long-run in European Real Estate," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 35-80, January.
    6. Elias Oikarinen & Martin Hoesli & Camilo Serrano, 2011. "The Long-Run Dynamics between Direct and Securitized Real Estate," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 33(1), pages 73-104.
    7. Haim Levy, 1992. "Stochastic Dominance and Expected Utility: Survey and Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 38(4), pages 555-593, April.
    8. repec:arz:wpaper:eres2012-232 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Westerheide, Peter, 2006. "Cointegration of real estate stocks and REITs with common stocks, bonds and consumer price inflation: an international comparison," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-057, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    More about this item


    Performance; investment; real estate; real estate securities; mean-variance analysis; stochastic dominance.;

    JEL classification:

    • G - Financial Economics


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