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Public employment and regional redistribution in Spain


  • José Manuel Marqués Sevillano

    () (Universitat Illes Balears)

  • Joan Rosselló Villallonga

    () (Universitat Illes Balears)


We study the determinants, beyond the process of decentralisation, of the regional allocation of public jobs by the Central Government and the increase in the number of public employees at the Regional Governments in Spain during 1990-1999. Using standard panel data econometric procedures we show that the Central Government might have been increasing the number of public jobs in those regions with lower levels of GDP per capita. Also we show that the number of public employees is larger in those regions in which there has been a coincidence between the political orientation of the ruling parties in the Regional and Central Governments. Finally, we find that political variables might explain part of the increase in the number of public employees in the Regional Governments, together with the process of decentralisation and GDPpc.

Suggested Citation

  • José Manuel Marqués Sevillano & Joan Rosselló Villallonga, 2004. "Public employment and regional redistribution in Spain," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 170(3), pages 59-80, september.
  • Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2004:v:170:i:3:p:59-80

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alesina, Alberto & Baqir, Reza & Easterly, William, 2000. "Redistributive Public Employment," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 219-241, September.
    2. Alberto Alesina & Silvia Ardagna & Roberto Perotti & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2002. "Fiscal Policy, Profits, and Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(3), pages 571-589, June.
    3. Albert Alesina & Stephan Danninger & Massimo Rostagno, 2001. "Redistribution Through Public Employment: The Case of Italy," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(3), pages 1-2.
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    Cited by:

    1. Javier Vázquez-Grenno & Jordi Jofre-Monseny & José I. Silva, 2016. "Local labor market effects of public employment," Working Papers 2016/11, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    2. Jorge Martinez-Vazquez & Ming-Hung Yao, 2009. "Fiscal Decentralization and Public Sector Employment: A Cross-Country Analysis," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper0903, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.

    More about this item


    Public Employment; Regional Redistribution; Fiscal Policy Instruments;

    JEL classification:

    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government


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