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Mind the Gap: Education Inequality at the Regional Level in Portugal, 1986-2005

Author

Listed:
  • João Gabriel Fidalgo

    (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra)

  • Marta Simões

    (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra e GEMF)

  • Adelaide Duarte

    (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra e GEMF)

Abstract

Portugal stands as one of the most unequal countries in terms of income among the developed countries. Over the period 1980-2005, income inequality kept high, fostered mainly by a monotonic increase in earnings inequality. Given the close link between education and earnings, it is of major importance to study the distribution of education. This paper examines the distribution of education at the regional level in Portugal between 1986 and 2005. Our results indicate that education inequality decreased for the whole country as the average education level of the workforce rose, over the sample years. This finding does not apply at the regional level however, with several districts initially poor in terms of education exhibiting an increase in education inequality. The evidence also supports the existence of a Kuznets curve of education: as the average level of education rises, education inequality first increases, and, after reaching a peak at 5.13 years of schooling, starts declining.

Suggested Citation

  • João Gabriel Fidalgo & Marta Simões & Adelaide Duarte, 2010. "Mind the Gap: Education Inequality at the Regional Level in Portugal, 1986-2005," Notas Económicas, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, issue 32, pages 22-43, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gmf:journl:y:2010:i:32:p:22-43
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marta Simões & João Andrade & Adelaide Duarte, 2013. "A regional perspective on inequality and growth in Portugal using panel cointegration analysis," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, pages 427-451.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D39 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Other
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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