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Development and Urban Sustainability: An Analysis of Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Author

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  • William H. Alfonso Piña

    () (Faculty of Science Policy and Government, Urban development and management, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá 110111, Colombia)

  • Clara Inés Pardo Martínez

    () (School of Administration, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá 110111, Colombia
    Colombian Observatory of Science and Technology, Bogotá 110111, Colombia)

Abstract

In recent decades, the majority of cities in developing countries have grown rapidly and have experienced increasing environmental problems. These changes have generated a broad discussion on urban sustainability and development. In this discussion, it is fundamental to establish methods for measuring urban sustainability using a quantitative approach. This research seeks to estimate and evaluate the environmental, social, and economic efficiency of cities in a developing country, Colombia, using data envelopment analysis to determine the changes that occurred between 2005 and 2013. In this study, indicators related to economic, environmental, and social performance are used with the objective of analyzing efficiency from urban sustainability. The results indicate differences among cities, where the efficient cities show adequate resource use, lower environmental impacts, improved social conditions, and guaranteed economic growth and development. Moreover, as the city scale increases, urban sustainability declines. All these findings are important in the formulation and design of adequate urban policies to improve and strengthen sustainability and social welfare over the long term, particularly in cities in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • William H. Alfonso Piña & Clara Inés Pardo Martínez, 2016. "Development and Urban Sustainability: An Analysis of Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-15, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:148-:d:63425
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ramli, Noor Asiah & Munisamy, Susila, 2015. "Eco-efficiency in greenhouse emissions among manufacturing industries: A range adjusted measure," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 219-227.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:8:p:1473-:d:108951 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:spr:endesu:v:19:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10668-016-9782-y is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:ejores:v:264:y:2018:i:1:p:1-16 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    urban sustainability; data envelopment analysis; Colombian cities;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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