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The use of the DEA method for simultaneous analysis of the interrelationships among economic growth, environmental pollution and energy consumption


  • Christina Bampatsou

    () (Democritus University of Thrace, Greece)

  • George Hadjiconstantinou

    () (Democritus University of Thrace, Greece)


In this study Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is used not only to develop an efficiency index which combines economic activity, CO2 emissions and energy consumption of the production process in the 31 countries of Europe for the year 2004, but also to make estimates about the margins of long term increase or decrease in the consumption levels of exhaustible energy resources of a selected sample (Switzerland, Greece, United Kingdom, and Luxembourg) of European countries (out of 31) which belong to the high income group of OECD members.As shown, each country can achieve better TE when its increased economic activity is combined with improved ecological performance. It can be noticed from the analysis that the developed economies that tend to stabilize their environmental degradation through time (Switzerland), as the GDP (per capita GDP) increases, ensure satisfactory margins for the increase in the consumption of the ‘dirty’ energy index (DEI) in the long term, and thus contribute to sustainable economic development. This fact is significantly different in countries showing either intense deterioration (Greece) or temporary improvement (United Kingdom, Luxemburg) in the pollution levels without any indications of a temperate stabilization of environmental degradation

Suggested Citation

  • Christina Bampatsou & George Hadjiconstantinou, 2009. "The use of the DEA method for simultaneous analysis of the interrelationships among economic growth, environmental pollution and energy consumption," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 2(2), pages 65-86, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:2:y:2009:i:2:p:65-86

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Lozano, Sebastián & Gutiérrez, Ester, 2008. "Non-parametric frontier approach to modelling the relationships among population, GDP, energy consumption and CO2 emissions," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(4), pages 687-699, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bampatsou, Christina & Papadopoulos, Savas & Zervas, Efthimios, 2013. "Technical efficiency of economic systems of EU-15 countries based on energy consumption," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 426-434.
    2. Annageldy Arazmuradov, 2016. "Economic prospect on carbon emissions in Commonwealth of Independent States," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 49(4), pages 395-427, November.
    3. Makridou, Georgia & Andriosopoulos, Kostas & Doumpos, Michael & Zopounidis, Constantin, 2016. "Measuring the efficiency of energy-intensive industries across European countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 573-583.
    4. repec:spr:jecstr:v:6:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40008-017-0071-1 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Technical Efficiency index; Sustainability; Energy Consumption; Environmental Pollution; Economic Development; DEA; Future Estimations;

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development


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