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Technical efficiency of Swiss dairy farms locat-ed in the mountain area considering both eco-nomic and environmental resources

  • Pierrick Jan

    (Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART)

  • Markus Lips

    (Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART)

  • Michel Dumondel

    (ETH Zürich, Institute for Environmental Decisions)

Registered author(s):

    Increasing the efficiency of the use of economic and environmental resources of Swiss farms is a priority of Swiss agricultural policy as part of the objective of improving the sustainable performance of the Swiss agricultural sector. In this paper we assess the long-run technical efficiency of the use of economic and environmental resources of a sample of 480 Swiss dairy farms located in the mountain area using the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analy-sis approach. In a second step, using a linear regression, we inves-tigate the determinants of this technical efficiency. The results of the regression performed show that farm size and the strategic orientation of farm activity have a much greater effect on efficiency than the characteristics of the dairy production system or dairy herd management. An increase in farm size and an increased ori-entation towards para-agricultural activities are shown to exert a strong positive effect on technical efficiency. Conversely, part-time farming turns out to have a substantial negative impact on the effi-ciency of resource use.

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    Article provided by Swiss Society for Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology in its journal Yearbook of Socioeconomics in Agriculture.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 39-76

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    Handle: RePEc:cha:ysa001:v:3:y:2010:i:1:p:39-76
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://jsagr.org

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    1. Daly, Herman E., 1992. "Allocation, distribution, and scale: towards an economics that is efficient, just, and sustainable," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 185-193, December.
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