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The Gender Gap in Income and the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ireland

Author

Listed:
  • Karina Doorley

    (Tax, Welfare and Pensions Team, Economic and Social Research Institute, Whitaker Square, D02 K138 Dublin, Ireland
    IZA Institute of Labor Economics, 53113 Bonn, Germany)

  • Cathal O’Donoghue

    (Geography, Archaeology & Irish Studies, The National University of Ireland, H91 TK33 Galway, Ireland)

  • Denisa M. Sologon

    (Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER), 4366 Luxembourg, Luxembourg)

Abstract

The gender income gap is large and well documented in many countries. Recent research shows that it is mainly driven by differences in working patterns between men and women but also by wage differences. The tax–benefit system cushions the gender income gap by redistributing it between men and women. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in unprecedented levels of unemployment in 2020 in many countries, with some suggestions that men and women have been differently affected. This research investigated the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the gender gap in income in Ireland. By using nowcasting techniques and microsimulation, we modeled the effect of pandemic-induced employment and wage changes on the market and disposable income. We showed how the pandemic and the associated tax–benefit support could be expected to change the income gap between men and women. Policy conclusions were drawn about future redistribution between men and women.

Suggested Citation

  • Karina Doorley & Cathal O’Donoghue & Denisa M. Sologon, 2022. "The Gender Gap in Income and the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ireland," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 11(7), pages 1-23, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jscscx:v:11:y:2022:i:7:p:311-:d:864836
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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