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Potential Biogas Production from Artichoke Byproducts in Sardinia, Italy

Author

Listed:
  • Fabio De Menna

    () (Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Giuseppe Fanin 50, Bologna 40127, Italy)

  • Remo Alessio Malagnino

    () (Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Giuseppe Fanin 50, Bologna 40127, Italy)

  • Matteo Vittuari

    () (Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Giuseppe Fanin 50, Bologna 40127, Italy)

  • Giovanni Molari

    () (Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Giuseppe Fanin 50, Bologna 40127, Italy)

  • Giovanna Seddaiu

    () (Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, Sassari 07100, Italy
    Desertification Research Centre—NRD, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, Sassari 07100, Italy)

  • Paola A. Deligios

    () (Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, Sassari 07100, Italy)

  • Stefania Solinas

    () (Desertification Research Centre—NRD, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, Sassari 07100, Italy)

  • Luigi Ledda

    () (Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, Sassari 07100, Italy
    Desertification Research Centre—NRD, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, Sassari 07100, Italy)

Abstract

The paper aims at evaluating the potential biogas production, both in terms of CH 4 and theoretical energy potential, from globe artichoke agricultural byproducts in Sardinia. Field data about the productivity of byproducts were collected on five artichoke varieties cultivated in Sardinia, to assess the biomethane production of their aboveground non-food parts (excluding the head). Moreover, secondary data from previous studies and surveys at regional scale were collected to evaluate the potential biogas production of the different districts. Fresh globe artichoke residues yielded, on average, 292.2 Nm 3 ·t DOM −1 , with dissimilarities among cultivars. Fresh samples were analyzed in two series: (a) wet basis; and (b) wet basis with catalytic enzymes application. Enzymes proved to have some beneficial effects in terms of anticipated biomethane availability. At the regional level, ab. 20 × 10 6 Nm 3 CH 4 could be produced, corresponding to the 60% of current installed capacity. However, districts potentials show some differences, depending on the specific biomass partitioning and on the productivity of cultivated varieties. Regional assessments should encompass the sensitiveness of results to agro-economic variables and the economic impacts of globe artichoke residue use in the current regional biogas sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio De Menna & Remo Alessio Malagnino & Matteo Vittuari & Giovanni Molari & Giovanna Seddaiu & Paola A. Deligios & Stefania Solinas & Luigi Ledda, 2016. "Potential Biogas Production from Artichoke Byproducts in Sardinia, Italy," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(2), pages 1-11, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:2:p:92-:d:63323
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Erika Carnevale & Giovanni Molari & Matteo Vittuari, 2017. "Used Cooking Oils in the Biogas Chain: A Technical and Economic Assessment," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(2), pages 1-13, February.
    2. repec:eee:agisys:v:165:y:2018:i:c:p:137-146 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2258-:d:155403 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    artichoke; byproducts; biogas; Sardinia;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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