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Perspectives for the Use of Biogas and Biomethane in the Context of the Green Energy Transformation on the Example of an EU Country


  • Zbigniew Rogala

    (Department of Cryogenics and Aerospace Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland)

  • Michał Stanclik

    (Department of Cryogenics and Aerospace Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland)

  • Dariusz Łuszkiewicz

    (Department of Thermal Sciences, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland)

  • Ziemowit Malecha

    (Department of Cryogenics and Aerospace Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland)


Natural gas is the primary source of energy, accounting for around 20% of the world’s energy production. It is also a key element in reducing CO 2 emissions due to its key role in stabilizing renewable energy sources. At the same time, natural gas as a fossil fuel that emits CO 2 should be limited. A natural candidate that can ensure the stabilization of RES and at the same time reduce the demand for fossil fuels is biogas. Successful use of biogas requires a thorough understanding of the potential, structure, and specifics of its sources and production technology. The presented study provides a perspective and a brief overview of the existing potential of biogas production. Poland was chosen as the case study and it was shown that almost 90% of the Polish biogas potential comes from sources with a capacity below 100 Nm 3 /h, which is the current minimum commercially available capacity of the biogas purification and liquefaction technologies. Consequently, full utilization of these sources would require a downsizing of these technologies.

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  • Zbigniew Rogala & Michał Stanclik & Dariusz Łuszkiewicz & Ziemowit Malecha, 2023. "Perspectives for the Use of Biogas and Biomethane in the Context of the Green Energy Transformation on the Example of an EU Country," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(4), pages 1-11, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:16:y:2023:i:4:p:1911-:d:1068903

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Józef Ciuła & Iwona Wiewiórska & Marian Banaś & Tadeusz Pająk & Piotr Szewczyk, 2023. "Balance and Energy Use of Biogas in Poland: Prospects and Directions of Development for the Circular Economy," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(9), pages 1-12, May.
    2. Mateusz Wnukowski, 2023. "Methane Pyrolysis with the Use of Plasma: Review of Plasma Reactors and Process Products," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(18), pages 1-34, September.
    3. Łukasz Skowron & Olena Chygryn & Marcin Gąsior & Vitaliia Koibichuk & Serhiy Lyeonov & Serhii Drozd & Oleksandr Dluhopolskyi, 2023. "Interconnection between the Dynamic of Growing Renewable Energy Production and the Level of CO 2 Emissions: A Multistage Approach for Modeling," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(12), pages 1-19, June.
    4. Gayathri Priya Iragavarapu & Syed Shahed Imam & Omprakash Sarkar & Srinivasula Venkata Mohan & Young-Cheol Chang & Motakatla Venkateswar Reddy & Sang-Hyoun Kim & Naresh Kumar Amradi, 2023. "Bioprocessing of Waste for Renewable Chemicals and Fuels to Promote Bioeconomy," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(9), pages 1-24, May.

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