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Self-consumption for energy communities in Spain: A regional analysis under the new legal framework

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  • Gallego-Castillo, Cristobal
  • Heleno, Miguel
  • Victoria, Marta

Abstract

European climate polices acknowledge the role that energy communities can play in the energy transition. Self-consumption installations shared among those living in the same building are a good example of such energy communities. In this work, a regional analysis of optimal self-consumption installations under the new legal framework recently passed in Spain is performed. Results show that the optimal sizing of the installation leads to economic savings for self-consumers in all the territory, for both options with and without remuneration for energy surplus. A sensitivity analysis on technology costs revealed that batteries still require noticeably cost reductions to be cost-effective in a behind the meter self-consumption environment. In addition, solar compensation mechanisms make batteries less attractive in a scenario of low PV costs, since feeding PV surplus into the grid, yet less efficient, becomes more cost-effective. An improvement for the energy surplus remuneration policy in the context of the current legislation was proposed and analysed. It consists in the inclusion of the economic value of the avoided power losses in the remuneration.

Suggested Citation

  • Gallego-Castillo, Cristobal & Heleno, Miguel & Victoria, Marta, 2021. "Self-consumption for energy communities in Spain: A regional analysis under the new legal framework," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 150(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:150:y:2021:i:c:s0301421521000136
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112144
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    7. Herenčić, Lin & Kirac, Mislav & Keko, Hrvoje & Kuzle, Igor & Rajšl, Ivan, 2022. "Automated energy sharing in MV and LV distribution grids within an energy community: A case for Croatian city of Križevci with a hybrid renewable system," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 191(C), pages 176-194.
    8. Tomasi, Silvia, 2022. "The (Non) impact of the Spanish “Tax on the Sun” on photovoltaics prosumers uptake," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 168(C).
    9. Dasí-Crespo, Daniel & Roldán-Blay, Carlos & Escrivá-Escrivá, Guillermo & Roldán-Porta, Carlos, 2023. "Evaluation of the Spanish regulation on self-consumption photovoltaic installations. A case study based on a rural municipality in Spain," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 204(C), pages 788-802.
    10. Lode, Maria Luisa & Felice, Alex & Martinez Alonso, Ander & De Silva, Jayesh & Angulo, Maria E. & Lowitzsch, Jens & Coosemans, Thierry & Ramirez Camargo, Luis, 2023. "Energy communities in rural areas: The participatory case study of Vega de Valcarce, Spain," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 216(C).
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    13. Pastore, Lorenzo Mario & Lo Basso, Gianluigi & Ricciardi, Guido & de Santoli, Livio, 2022. "Synergies between Power-to-Heat and Power-to-Gas in renewable energy communities," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 198(C), pages 1383-1397.
    14. Adam X. Hearn & Raul Castaño-Rosa, 2021. "Towards a Just Energy Transition, Barriers and Opportunities for Positive Energy District Creation in Spain," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(16), pages 1-18, August.
    15. Elena Tarpani & Cristina Piselli & Claudia Fabiani & Ilaria Pigliautile & Eelke J. Kingma & Benedetta Pioppi & Anna Laura Pisello, 2022. "Energy Communities Implementation in the European Union: Case Studies from Pioneer and Laggard Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(19), pages 1-17, October.
    16. Enrique Fuster-Palop & Carlos Prades-Gil & Ximo Masip & J. D. Viana-Fons & Jorge Payá, 2023. "Techno-Economic Potential of Urban Photovoltaics: Comparison of Net Billing and Net Metering in a Mediterranean Municipality," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(8), pages 1-32, April.
    17. Simona Barbaro & Grazia Napoli, 2023. "Energy Communities in Urban Areas: Comparison of Energy Strategy and Economic Feasibility in Italy and Spain," Land, MDPI, vol. 12(7), pages 1-24, June.
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    19. Fernando Echevarría Camarero & Ana Ogando-Martínez & Pablo Durán Gómez & Pablo Carrasco Ortega, 2022. "Profitability of Batteries in Photovoltaic Systems for Small Industrial Consumers in Spain under Current Regulatory Framework and Energy Prices," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(1), pages 1-19, December.
    20. Cruz-Pérez, Noelia & Santamarta, Juan C. & Rodríguez-Martín, Jesica & Beltrán, Rubén Fuentes & García-Gil, Alejandro, 2023. "Photovoltaic potential of public buildings in a world Heritage city: The case of San Cristóbal de La Laguna (Canary Islands, Spain)," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 209(C), pages 357-364.
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    22. Zbigniew Rogala & Michał Stanclik & Dariusz Łuszkiewicz & Ziemowit Malecha, 2023. "Perspectives for the Use of Biogas and Biomethane in the Context of the Green Energy Transformation on the Example of an EU Country," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(4), pages 1-11, February.
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