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Contributions of Bottom-Up Energy Transitions in Germany: A Case Study Analysis

Author

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  • Ortzi Akizu

    () (Department of Graphic Expression and Engineering Projects, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Nieves Cano 12, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
    Hegoa Institute for International Cooperation and Development Studies, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Avda. Lehendakari Agirre, 81, 48015 Bilbao, Spain)

  • Gorka Bueno

    () (Department of Electronics Engineering, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48013 Bilbao, Spain)

  • Iñaki Barcena

    () (Department of Political Science and Administration, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48940 Leioa, Spain)

  • Erol Kurt

    () (Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Technology Faculty, Gazi University, 06500 Ankara, Turkey)

  • Nurettin Topaloğlu

    () (Department of Computer Engineering, Technology Faculty, Gazi University, 06500 Ankara, Turkey)

  • Jose Manuel Lopez-Guede

    () (Department of Engineering Systems and Automatics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain)

Abstract

Within the context of an energy transition towards achieving a renewable low-impact energy consumption system, this study analyses how bottom-up initiatives can contribute to state driven top-down efforts to achieve the sustainability related goals of (1) reducing total primary energy consumption; (2) reducing residential electricity and heat consumption; and (3) increasing generated renewable energy and even attaining self-sufficiency. After identifying the three most cited German bottom-up energy transition cases, the initiatives have been qualitatively and quantitatively analysed. The case study methodology has been used and each initiative has been examined in order to assess and compare these with the German national panorama. The novel results of the analysis demonstrate the remarkable effects of communal living, cooperative investment and participatory processes on the creation of a new sustainable energy system. The study supports the claim that bottom-up initiatives could also contribute to energy sustainability goals together within the state driven plans. Furthermore, the research proves that the analysed bottom-up transitions are not only environmentally and socially beneficial but they can also be economically feasible, at least in a small scale, such as the current German national top-down energy policy panorama.

Suggested Citation

  • Ortzi Akizu & Gorka Bueno & Iñaki Barcena & Erol Kurt & Nurettin Topaloğlu & Jose Manuel Lopez-Guede, 2018. "Contributions of Bottom-Up Energy Transitions in Germany: A Case Study Analysis," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(4), pages 1-21, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:4:p:849-:d:139689
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chunhong Sheng & Yun Cao & Bing Xue, 2018. "Residential Energy Sustainability in China and Germany: The Impact of National Energy Policy System," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-18, December.
    2. Carina Anderson & Robert Passey & Jeremy De Valck & Rakibuzzaman Shah, 2019. "Towards Zero Emissions Noosa," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(17), pages 1-17, August.
    3. Iñigo Capellán-Pérez & David Álvarez-Antelo & Luis J. Miguel, 2019. "Global Sustainability Crossroads : A Participatory Simulation Game to Educate in the Energy and Sustainability Challenges of the 21st Century," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(13), pages 1-23, July.
    4. Geertje Bekebrede & Ellen Van Bueren & Ivo Wenzler, 2018. "Towards a Joint Local Energy Transition Process in Urban Districts: The GO2Zero Simulation Game," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(8), pages 1-20, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    energy transition; energy democracy; community management; bottom-up transitions; energy sovereignty; energy justice;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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