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Malaysia-Japan Commodity Trade and Asymmetric Effects of Exchange Rate Changes


  • Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee

    (Center for Research on International Economics and Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA)

  • Muhammad Aftab

    (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad 45550, Pakistan)


Asymmetry analysis is a new norm in applied research and the link between the trade balance and the exchange rate is no exception. In this paper we investigate the asymmetric response of the trade balance of each of the 60 industries that trade between Malaysia and Japan. We find short-run asymmetric effects of exchange rate changes on the trade balance of 50 industries (including the two largest industries), short-run adjustment asymmetry in 47 industries, and short-run impact asymmetry in 30 industries. However, short-run asymmetric effects lasted into the long run only in limited number of industries. Results are industry-specific at best.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee & Muhammad Aftab, 2019. "Malaysia-Japan Commodity Trade and Asymmetric Effects of Exchange Rate Changes," Frontiers of Economics in China-Selected Publications from Chinese Universities, Higher Education Press, vol. 14(2), pages 220-263, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:fec:journl:v:14:y:2019:i:2:p:220-263

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    6. Bao, Ho Hoang Gia & Le, Hoang Phong, 2021. "ASEAN's trade balance with the whole EU-28 at industry level: The role of vehicle currency," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 24(C).
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    8. Sharaf, Mesbah Fathy & Shahen, Abdelhalem Mahmoud, 2023. "Asymmetric impact of real effective exchange rate changes on domestic output revisited: evidence from Egypt," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 7(1), pages 2-15.
    9. Bilgin, Cevat, 2020. "Asymmetric Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Exports: A Sectoral Nonlinear Cointegration Analysis for Turkey," MPRA Paper 101316, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen & Aftab, Muhammad, 2022. "Who Has Benefitted from Malaysia-Pakistan Free Trade Agreement? An Industry Level Analysis," Journal of Economic Development, The Economic Research Institute, Chung-Ang University, vol. 47(2), pages 20-38, June.
    11. Emmanuel Uche & Sunday Ikedinobi Nwamiri, 2022. "Dynamic Effects of Exchange Rate Movements on Productivity Levels: New Evidence From Nigeria Based on NARDL," Journal of Development Policy and Practice, , vol. 7(1), pages 96-111, January.
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    13. Trofimov, Ivan D., 2020. "Is There a J-Curve Effect in the Services Trade in Canada? A Panel Data Analysis," MPRA Paper 106704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Brun,Martin & Gambetta,Juan Pedro & Varela,Gonzalo J., 2020. "Slow Rockets and Fast Feathers or the Link between Exchange Rates and Exports : A Case Study for Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9353, The World Bank.
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    More about this item


    Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL); asymmetry; 60 industries; Malaysia; Japan; trade; exchange rate;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


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