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The Malaysian Real Trade Balance and the Real Exchange Rate


  • Mohammed Yusoff


The cointegration technique is used to examine the long-run and short-run relationships between the real Malaysian trade balance with the real exchange rate, domestic and world incomes. The results suggest that a real ringgit exchange rate depreciation improves the trade balance in the long run. World and domestic incomes are also found to be important determinants of trade balance. The significance of world income on trade balance indicates that Malaysia is prone to external shocks. An error-correction model is then estimated to study the short-run dynamics of the effects of exchange rate. The impulse response analysis shows that the effect of exchange rate on the trade balance lasts for about three years. A devaluation of ringgit will initially improve the trade balance, albeit small, after which the trade balance starts to deteriorate, and then improves again suggesting that there exists a delayed J-curve.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohammed Yusoff, 2007. "The Malaysian Real Trade Balance and the Real Exchange Rate," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(5), pages 655-667.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:21:y:2007:i:5:p:655-667
    DOI: 10.1080/02692170701474686

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    Cited by:

    1. Tze-Haw Chan & Hooi Hooi Lean & Chee-Wooi Hooy, 2014. "A macro assessment of China effects on Malaysian exports and trade balances," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(1), pages 18-37, January.
    2. Bilal KARGI, 2014. "Time Series Analysis about the Relationship between Foreign Trade and Exchange Rate in Turkish Economy," Timisoara Journal of Economics and Business, West University of Timisoara, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 7(2), pages 123-133, December.
    3. Manuel CANTAVELLA-JORDA & Sheila Amin GUTIERREZ DE PIÑERES, 2012. "A Cross-national Panel Study of Devaluations on Disaggregated Export Sectors: A Case for Sector Specific Policies," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(2).
    4. Abdorreza Soleymani & Soo Y. Chua & Hamat Che Abdul Fatah, 2016. "The Effects of Currency Depreciation on Industry Trade Flows between Malaysia and China," The International Trade Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 181-206, May.
    5. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-458 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bla:rdevec:v:21:y:2017:i:4:p:e30-e46 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. BAHMANI-OSKOOEE, Mohsen & Aftab, Muhammad, 2017. "Malaysia-Japan Commodity Trade and Asymmetric Effects of Exchange Rate Changes," MPRA Paper 81213, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Aug 2017.
    8. Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen & Aftab, Muhammad, 2017. "Asymmetric effects of exchange rate changes on the Malaysia-China commodity trade," MPRA Paper 83024, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Mar 2017.
    9. repec:bla:econpa:v:36:y:2017:i:2:p:198-222 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Trade balance; ringgit; real exchange rate; Malaysia;


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