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Salarios, desempleo y productividad laboral en la industria manufacturera mexicana. (Wage, Unemployment and Labor Productivity in the Mexican Manufacturing Industry)

Author

Listed:
  • José Abraham López Machuca

    () (Maestro en Economía Aplicada por El Colegio de la Frontera Norte. México.)

  • Jorge Eduardo Mendoza Cota

    () (Profesor de tiempo completo del Departamento de Estudios Económicos de El Colegio de la Frontera Norte. Doctor en Economía por la Universidad de Utah, Estados Unidos. Tijuana Baja California, México.)

Abstract

El artículo evalúa la relación de la productividad laboral y el desempleo con los salarios reales en México durante el periodo 2007 a 2015. Basándose en el modelo de la curva de salarios, la metodología utilizada emplea técnicas econométricas diseñadas para estructuras funcionales estáticas, dinámicas y de cointegración de largo plazo. Los resultados sugieren que los salarios bajos pueden explicarse por la presencia de rigideces importantes, por lo que los salarios guardan una relación inversa con la productividad laboral y el desempleo. Las variaciones en los precios y del salario mínimo no generan cambios significativos en los salarios reales.

Suggested Citation

  • José Abraham López Machuca & Jorge Eduardo Mendoza Cota, 2017. "Salarios, desempleo y productividad laboral en la industria manufacturera mexicana. (Wage, Unemployment and Labor Productivity in the Mexican Manufacturing Industry)," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 185-228, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxvi:y:2017:i:2:p:185-228
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    File URL: http://www.economia.uanl.mx/revistaensayos/xxxvi/2/4_Lopez_Salarios.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mercado Laboral; Salarios Reales; Curva de Salarios; Desempleo; Productividad Laboral;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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