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Empleo, escolaridad y sector informal en la Frontera Norte de México y Chihuahua: expectativas de ocupación en la crisis

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Huesca Reynoso

    () (Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, AC. Departamento de Economía. Sonora, México.)

  • Martha Beatriz Padilla Arriola

    () (Universidad del Desarrollo Profesional, Campus Hermosillo-Poniente, Departamento de Educación. Sonora, México.)

Abstract

El trabajo muestra un análisis de la distribución de los ingresos y las expectativas de ocupación para dos grupos de trabajadores, uno en la Frontera Norte de México y otro en Chihuahua, durante el año de la crisis de 2009 hasta 2011. El objetivo es determinar si las oportunidades de obtener un trabajo formal en esta región mejoran los ingresos de sus trabajadores que se desempeñan como informales. Se observa una mayor participación del trabajo informal por cuenta propia y los asalariados, con un nivel menor en Chihuahua (33%) y superior en la Frontera (46%), ambos por debajo del nivel nacional (50%). La situación mejora en ambas categorías laborales con excepción de la de por cuenta propia en Chihuahua. Lo relevante es que a partir de los 50 años de edad, el trabajo por cuenta propia es un destino probable en la Frontera (40%), no así para Chihuahua que reduce su probabilidad a la mitad. La evidencia final es que la escolaridad sí ayuda a no participar como informal (80%), en calidad de asalariado, cuando se cuenta con estudios universitarios.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Huesca Reynoso & Martha Beatriz Padilla Arriola, 2012. "Empleo, escolaridad y sector informal en la Frontera Norte de México y Chihuahua: expectativas de ocupación en la crisis," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 57-86, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxi:y:2012:i:2:p:57-86
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sector informal; Mercado de trabajo; Ocupación; Educación; Ingresos;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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