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La ley de Okun: una relectura para México, 1970-2004

Author

Listed:
  • Eduardo Loría

    (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

  • Manuel G. Ramos.

    (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

Abstract

We estimated the dynamic relationship between the unemployment rate and output for the Mexican Economy for annual data (1970-2004). We estimated three structural time series models by using the Kalman filter. We found a coefficient in the range 2.08-2.5. In order to avoid spuriousness, we proved for cointegration through the Johansen Procedure; finally, through the estimation of VAR's we also proved that Granger causality runs in both senses in the three main Okun equations.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Loría & Manuel G. Ramos., 2007. "La ley de Okun: una relectura para México, 1970-2004," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 22(1), pages 19-55.
  • Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:22:y:2007:i:1:p:19-55
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    File URL: http://estudioseconomicos.colmex.mx/archivo/EstudiosEconomicos2007/19-55.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. G. W. Morrison & D. H. Pike, 1977. "Kalman Filtering Applied to Statistical Forecasting," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 23(7), pages 768-774, March.
    2. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 2001. "Vector Autoregressions," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 101-115, Fall.
    3. David E. Altig & Terry J. Fitzgerald & Peter Rupert, 1997. "Okun's law revisited: should we worry about low unemployment?," Economic Commentary, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue May.
    4. Lee, Jim, 2000. "The Robustness of Okun's Law: Evidence from OECD Countries," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 331-356, April.
    5. Ozbek, Levent & Ozlale, Umit, 2005. "Employing the extended Kalman filter in measuring the output gap," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 29(9), pages 1611-1622, September.
    6. Sweta Chaman Saxena & Valerie Cerra, 2000. "Alternative Methods of Estimating Potential Output and the Output Gap; An Application to Sweden," IMF Working Papers 00/59, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Islas C., Alejandro & Cortez, Willy Walter, 2013. "An assessment of the dynamics between the permanent and transitory components of Mexico's output and unemployment," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Okun's law; structural time series models; Kalman filter cuasality;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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