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Evolución de las condiciones socioeconómicas de los hogares en el programa Oportunidades

Listed author(s):
  • Campos-Vazquez, Raymundo

    (El Colegio de México)

  • Chiapa, Carlos

    (El Colegio de México)

  • Huffman, Curtis

    (Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social)

  • Santillán, Alma S.

    (El Colegio de México)

This paper presents empirical evidence that allows us to understand how does the welfare level of beneficiary households of the conditional cash transfer program Oportunidades evolve, both in the short and in the medium term. Understanding this evolution is relevant in order to design efficient exit mechanisms for this type of programs —something that concerns at least 27 conditional cash transfer programs worldwide. Using administrative data of the universe of beneficiary households, we study changes in welfare levels of rural and urban households in the short and medium term. Furthermore, recognizing that the evolution of each household’s welfare level might be heterogeneous, we analyze the paths different types of households have followed over time. Our results confirm the existence of heterogeneity in the evolution of welfare levels among households. The data shows that poorer households have achieved greater improvements in their welfare level than (relatively) better off households.// Este artículo muestra evidencia empírica que permite comprender cómo evoluciona el bienestar de los hogares beneficiarios del programa de transferencias monetarias condicionadas Oportunidades en el corto y mediano plazos. Entender esta evolución resulta relevante para elaborar mecanismos eficaces de salida del programa —algo que preocupa al menos a 27 programas de este tipo en el mundo—. Con datos administrativos del universo de beneficiarios, estudiamos cambios en el bienestar de hogares rurales y urbanos en el corto y mediano plazos. Además, reconociendo que puede existir heterogeneidad en la evolución del bienestar de los hogares, investigamos los caminos que han seguido diversos tipos de hogares en el tiempo. Los resultados confirman la existencia de heterogeneidad en la evolución del bienestar de los hogares. Los datos muestran que los hogares más pobres presentan mejoras más relevantes en su bienestar que hogares menos pobres.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXX (1) (2013)
Issue (Month): 317 (enero-marzo)
Pages: 77-111

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:80:y:2013:i:317:p:77-111
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  1. Ariel Fiszbein & Norbert Schady & Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Margaret Grosh & Niall Keleher & Pedro Olinto & Emmanuel Skoufias, 2009. "Conditional Cash Transfers : Reducing Present and Future Poverty," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2597, September.
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