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Deregulation and Structural Change in the U.S. Commercial Banking Industry

Author

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  • Stephen M. Miller

    () (Department of Economics, University of Nevada, Las Vegas)

  • Yongil Jeon

    (Central Michigan University)

Abstract

Regulatory change not seen since the Great Depression swept the U.S. banking industry beginning in the early 1980s and culminated with the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994. This paper describes and discusses the evolution of the U.S. banking industry over the past two decades, using the 1976 to 1998 Report of Condition and Income (Call Report) and merger data posted on the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago web site. Among several results, more permissive interstate banking and branching regulation significantly associates with higher merger rates, with lower net entry rates, and with higher concentration within states.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen M. Miller & Yongil Jeon, 2003. "Deregulation and Structural Change in the U.S. Commercial Banking Industry," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 29(3), pages 391-414, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:29:y:2003:i:3:p:391-414
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    File URL: http://web.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume29/V29N3P391_414.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jalal D. Akhavein & Allen N. Berger & David B. Humphrey, 1996. "The Effects of Megamergers on Efficiency and Prices: Evidence from a Bank Profit Function," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 96-03, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    2. Berger, Allen N. & Humphrey, David B., 1997. "Efficiency of financial institutions: International survey and directions for future research," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 98(2), pages 175-212, April.
    3. Noulas, Athanasios G & Ray, Subhash C & Miller, Stephen M, 1990. "Returns to Scale and Input Substitution for Large U.S. Banks," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 22(1), pages 94-108, February.
    4. Shaffer, Sherrill, 1986. " Does Competition Imply Frequent Rank Turnover?," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(3), pages 511-527.
    5. Allen N. Berger & Anil K. Kashyap & Joseph M. Scalise, 1995. "The Transformation of the U.S. Banking Industry: What a Long, Strange Trips It's Been," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(2), pages 55-218.
    6. Randall S. Kroszner & Philip E. Strahan, 1999. "What Drives Deregulation? Economics and Politics of the Relaxation of Bank Branching Restrictions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1437-1467.
    7. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2002. "Bank Concentration and Performance," Working papers 2002-25, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    8. Kaparakis, Emmanuel I & Miller, Stephen M & Noulas, Athanasios G, 1994. "Short-Run Cost Inefficiency of Commercial Banks: A Flexible Stochastic Frontier Approach," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 26(4), pages 875-893, November.
    9. Jeffrey A. Clark, 1988. "Economies of scale and scope at depository financial institutions: a review of the literature," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Sep, pages 16-33.
    10. Kane, Edward J, 1996. "De Jure Interstate Banking: Why Only Now?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 28(2), pages 141-161, May.
    11. William R. Keeton, 2000. "Are mergers responsible for the surge in new bank charters?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q I, pages 21-41.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2002. "An 'Ideal' Deconposition of Industry Dynamics: An Application to the Nationwide and State Level U.S. Banking Industry," Working papers 2002-23, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    2. Ana Lozano-Vivas & Miguel A. Meléndez-Jiménez & Antonio J. Morales, 2016. "Branching Deregulation and Merger Optimality," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 84(2), pages 270-295, March.
    3. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2002. "Explaining U.S. Commercial Bank Births, Deaths, and Marriages," Working papers 2002-27, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    4. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2002. "Has Deregulation Affected Births, Deaths, and Marriages in the U.S. Commercial Banking Industry?," Working papers 2002-26, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    5. Yonjil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2005. "Bank Performance: Market Power or Efficient Structure?," Working papers 2005-23, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    6. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2007. "Births, Deaths, And Marriages In The U.S. Commercial Banking Industry," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 45(2), pages 325-341, April.
    7. Zou, YongDong & Miller, Stephen M. & Malamud, Bernard, 2011. "Geographic deregulation and commercial bank performance in U.S. state banking markets," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 28-35, February.
    8. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2002. "Bank Concentration and Performance," Working papers 2002-25, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank; Banking; Deregulation; Reserves;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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